New recipes

Flying Dog and Evolution Brewery Announce Natural Selection Ale

Flying Dog and Evolution Brewery Announce Natural Selection Ale

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

A new collaboration beer, just in time for the Craft Beer Conference

A new collaboration beer.

Just in time for the Craft Brewers Conference in Washington, D.C. at the end of March, Maryland’s Flying Dog and Evolution Craft Brewing are introducing a new collaboration beer, one that will evolve over the course of three iterations.

Natural Selection will first be released as a stock ale, one that carries caramel and dark fruit notes that mingle with hints of roast and chocolate. Genus One, as it will be known, will only be available in draft form at the CBC.

Then, the beer will branch off in two evolutionary ways. Genus Two will come from Flying Dog, as brewmaster Matt Brophy dry-hops the stock into something new. Genus Three will be Evolution’s doing, after brewmaster Geoff DeBisschop barrel-ages it for several months. Both of these versions of Natural Selection will be available in Mid-Atlantic markets come October.

— Danya Henninger, The Drink Nation

More From The Drink Nation:

Kansas Clean Distilled Whiskey Kicks the Brown Out of Brown Spirits
Spring Beer Face-Off: Pliny the Younger, Hopslam Ale & Nugget Nectar
Beer Review: Bell's Hopslam Ale

It’s Hot. Drink Your Wheat.

WHEAT beer. It sounds healthy and almost bready, like something you might find in a New Age fantasy.

Imagine the wheat beer arriving as you complete your mud bath and aromatherapy, hypnotic music in the background, something to sip as you slip into your Birkenstocks and float away. Not to harsh the mellow, but aargh!

Regardless of how it sounds, wheat beer has brewski credentials. It is the quintessential summer quencher, just right for Nascar races and baseball games. Now, that is a fantasy worth having — sitting in Yankee Stadium with a glass of cold hefeweizen, the leading south German style of wheat beer, its lively bubbles and tart, brisk flavors ready to quash the steamy heat of any July night. It would go just as well with hot dogs as with the traditional Bavarian veal sausages and pretzel bread.

Instead, ballparks prefer to serve insipid, tasteless beer that might be better dumped into the mud bath than consumed, at inflated prices to boot. Is this world crazy? Now the mellow is truly harshed.

In an effort to ensure sanity in the heat, the tasting panel recently sampled 24 wheat beers. We were looking for American versions of Bavarian-style brews, mostly out of curiosity. American craft brewers have been creative in taking European styles in unexpected directions, and we anticipated more of the same in the wheat beer category.

Leave it to our wily tasting director, Bernard Kirsch, though, to throw in a few German sleepers. I’ll get back to that shortly. Florence Fabricant and I were joined for the tasting by Garrett Oliver, brewmaster of the Brooklyn Brewery, and Fred Dexheimer, wine director of the BLT restaurants in New York.

First things first: How did wheat get into the brew in the first place?

In its purest form, beer is made solely of malted barley, water, yeast and hops. Among grains, barley’s association with brewing comes naturally. Its characteristic hard husk makes it easier for brewers to employ without clogging up their equipment, as happens with a grain like wheat, which has no husk and can gum up the works. Barley’s high starch content breaks down easily into sugars, which are then converted by yeast into alcohol. Wheat, by contrast, with its elastic glutens, is well suited to making bread unlike barley, which becomes dry and crumbly in the hands of a baker. Perfect division of labor, right? Barley for beer, wheat for bread.

Humans resist this form of natural selection. Brewers have long looked to other grains beyond barley for their beer. Oats are used in stout and rye is used in Eastern Europe to make kvass. Mass-market brewers add rice to lager beers, which stretches out the brew while contributing to a light, subdued — some might say characterless — flavor, or corn, which contributes a sort of sweetness. And then there is wheat.

Given the difficulty that brewers have with wheat, you would think they would leave it for the bakers. But brewers found that the addition of wheat contributed a bracing liveliness to the beer that made it worth the extra trouble. In Germany and Belgium, the two centers of wheat beer production, brewers settled on a proportion of 50 percent to 60 percent wheat, with barley making up the rest.

In Belgium, the wheat beer is often flavored with orange peel and coriander. But in Bavaria, brewers developed a particular kind of ale yeast that imparts a most unusual flavor to the beer: clove, citrus, smoke and, you’ll taste for yourself, banana and bubblegum. As odd as it sounds, it’s tremendously refreshing and goes well with a wide variety of spicy foods. The beer is called hefeweizen weizen for wheat and hefe for yeast. It is almost always unfiltered, which gives hefeweizen its characteristically cloudy, hazy appearance.

As we expected, the American wheat beers were all over the map, with brewers taking great liberties with the style. This caused no small amount of consternation among the panel, particularly with those beers that styled themselves hefeweizen. Magic Hat Circus Boy, for example, calls itself a hefeweizen, yet it has a floral aroma that is wholly uncharacteristic of the style. Widmer Hefeweizen, which the panel rejected, was another beer that bore little relation to the style.

“You’re trading on the good name of an actual, established style to sell something that’s different,’’ Mr. Oliver said, likening such uses of the term hefeweizen to labeling American white wines as Chablis. “It’s confusing and frustrating.’’

Magic Hat had a second beer in the tasting, Hocus Pocus, which we rated higher for its better balance. Unlike the Circus Boy, it did not call itself a hefeweizen, a good thing since it seemed to be more in a Belgian style.

Our top beer was the Brooklyn Brewery’s Brooklyner Weisse, which seemed dead on in its approximation of the clove, smoke and banana aromas, and brisk, refreshing texture of a hefeweizen. Mr. Oliver didn’t identify it as his own beer, but was unembarrassed by the panel’s unanimous approval.

Among our other favorites, the Flying Dog In-Heat was a fine, lively version of the hefeweizen style, while the Samuel Adams was a little more sedate, unlike the Ramstein, which so overflowed with hefeweizen flavors that it seemed a bit overwrought. We liked the Smuttynose, though it seemed maybe more Belgian than German in style, and we enjoyed both the Butternuts Heinnieweisse, which is sold in cans, and the Harpoon UFO, which both seemed true to the German aromas and flavors.

Some of the beers seemed not to be in very good condition. The panel rejected a Weyerbacher hefeweizen, a Penn Weizen and a Rogue Half-E-Weizen, all of which seemed well past their primes. Mr. Oliver pointed out that wheat beers are among the most difficult to make properly.

“They’re very delicate and they must be insistently fresh,’’ he said. “When you lose that, the beers tend to fall apart.’’

Which brings us to the three authentic German hefeweizens, which Mr. Kirsch slipped into the tasting. One, from Erdinger, did not make the cut, but the other two, from Schneider and Franziskaner, might well have been our top beers of the tasting. It was a tribute to Mr. Dexheimer’s acumen that he picked those two beers as the truest hefeweizens in the tasting.

Then there were the American originals, like the Hop Sun summer wheat beer from Southern Tier Brewing Company in Lakewood, N.Y. This beer might as well have been a pale ale, for all the piney hop aroma that screamed from the glass, not at all typical of a wheat beer. It had a pale ale bitterness, too. It didn’t make our top 10, since we were looking for wheat beer styles. But you know what? It would be mighty fine at a ballgame, too.

Tasting Report: A Classic Balance of Spice and Banana, American Style

Brooklyn Brewery Brooklyner Weisse
$1.40 (12 ounces)
Lively with classic aromas of clove, banana and smoke refreshing.

Flying Dog In-Heat Wheat Hefeweizen
$1.60 (12 ounces)
Smoky, spicy, toasty aromas fresh and harmonious.

Samuel Adams Hefeweizen
$1.40 (12 ounces)
Tart, toasty and refreshing bright though not especially distinctive.

Magic Hat Hocus Pocus
$2 (12 ounces)
Lean and somewhat austere, with lively citrus and herbal flavors.

Smuttynose Summer Weizen
$1.50 (12 ounces)
Creamy texture with pronounced clove and smoke flavors.

Ramstein Blonde Wheat Beer
$1.50 (12 ounces)
Brassy and loud, with classic flavors that shout out.

Butternuts Beer and Ale Heinnieweisse
$1.30 (12 ounces)
Fruity, spicy aromas pleasing and easy to drink.

Harpoon UFO Hefeweizen
$1.50 (12 ounces)
Lively yet restrained with flavors of banana and clove.

Magic Hat Circus Boy
$1.50 (12 ounces)

Unusual floral aromas tart and lean.

Sierra Nevada Wheat
$1.60 (12 ounces)

Light-bodied, lemon-flavored and pleasant.

List of Cannabis-Infused Beers: 9 Cannabis Beers to Drink on April 20th

Cannabis-Infused Beers: THC-Infused Beers

Grainwave Belgian-Style White Ale De-alcoholized Cannabis Beer

This refreshing, medium-bodied, cannabis ale was brewed with blood orange peel and coriander to achieve a Belgian-style white ale-like brew. The beer was then infused with THC for a new spin on the Belgian classic.

ABV: 0% | THC: 5mg

Where can you purchase Ceria Brewing’s “weed beer”?

Grainwave cannabis beer is being sold at a number of dispensaries in Denver, Colorado and surrounding areas.

Pale Haze THC-Infused Beer />

Pale Haze is a less than 0.5% alcohol, THC-infused Cannabis beer made by the San Diego brewing company, High Style Brewing. High Style is the first San Diego brewery to brew only Cannabis-infused beers. Pale Haze is inspired by the Pale Ale and is brewed in 10mg of THC.

ABV: Less than 0.5% | THC: 10mg

Where to buy Pale Haze Cannabis-Infused Beer

Pale Haze is available in multiple locations and stores where cannabis is sold across California. View a map of where to buy Pale Haze THC-Infused beer on the High Style Brewing website.

Enough Said THC-Infused Beer />

Enough Said is a THC-infused beer made by Two Roots. Two Roots brews non-alcoholic and cannabis-infused beers.

ABV: 0.5% | THC: 5mg

Hi-Fi Hops IPA-Inspired Cannabis Beer

This IPA-inspired sparkling beverage is made using everything Lagunitas knows about hops — but with zero alcohol, zero calories, and zero carbs. Infused with THC from the finest, sun-grown cannabis at AbsoluteXtracts.

“We’ve often dreamed of hops and their cannabis cousin partying together at the family reunion. We wanted to bring this party to life in a beverage. It’s high-time that good beer inspired a provocative, yet refreshing non-alcoholic alternative. With a smidge of California sun-grown cannabis in every sip.” — Jeremy Marshall, Brewmonster

ABV: 0% | THC: 5mg

Where to buy Lagunitas’ Hi-Fi- Hops Cannabis-Infused IPA Beers:

You can find Hi-Fi Hops in California dispensaries. Lagunitas also offers a 10mg Hi-Fi Hops IPA-Inspired cannabis beer. Two doses, same hoppy fidelity!

Hop Chronic THC Infused India Pale Ale

The brewers at Flying Dog Brewery are currently working with Green Leaf Medical Cannabis to receive approval for a new THC infused cannabis India Pale Ale.

“For people who don’t want to smoke, don’t want to vape, there’s no path of experiencing the therapeutic benefits. It feels good to be a part of creating a delicious IPA where people who want to experience cannabis that way can do that.” — Jim Caruso, CEO of Flying Dog Brewery

Flying Dog Brewery claims their Hop Chronic beer will be more hop-forward than their regular beers as they have practice in creating strong hop characteristics in low-alcohol beers.

ABV: 0% | THC: unknown

Where to buy hop chronic THC-infused ipa

Hop Chronic is currently not on sale as Flying Dog and Green Leaf are still awaiting approval from the Maryland Medical Cannabis Commission as production and distribution of recreational edible cannabis products are still illegal in Maryland. They predict distribution will start in the summer of 2019. So, stay tuned!

Once approved, the non-alcoholic beer will be sold in 6-packs and 12 oz. single-serve cans containing varying THC and CBD dosages at licensed dispensaries throughout Maryland.

Blood Orange Haze Cannabis-Infused Beer />

Blood Orange Haze is a low-alcohol, THC-infused Cannabis beer by High Style Brewing. The beer is brewed following a blonde ale recipe and infused with 10mg of THC.

ABV: Less than 0.5% | THC: 10mg

Where to buy Blood Orange Haze THC-Infused Beer

Blood Orange Haze is available in multiple locations and stores where cannabis is sold across California. View a map of where to buy Blood Orange Haze THC-Infused beer on the High Style Brewing website.

Bubba Kush Root Beer

Not exactly a beer… but this THC infused root beer is just as great! Sip it on its own or pour it over ice cream to create the ultimate root beer float. Bubba Kush Root Beer was voted the winner of the 2015 High Times Cannabis Cup for Best Edible!

ABV: 0% | THC: 10mg

Where to purchase Keef Brands’ THC infused beverages:

Keef Brands sells its products in dispensaries in Arizona, California, Colorado, Michigan, and Nevada. Keef Brands cannabis products are also sold in Jamaica and Puerto Rico.

Grapefruit Haze Pot-Infused Beer />

Grapefruit Haze is a low-alcohol, cannabis beer by High Style Brewing. The weed-infused beer is brewed using a Hefeweizen-inspired recipe and infused with 10mg of THC.

ABV: Less than 0.5% | THC: 10mg

Where to buy Grapefruit Haze THC-Infused Beer

Grapefruit Haze is available in multiple locations and stores where cannabis is sold across California. View a map of where to buy Grapefruit Haze THC-Infused beer on the High Style Brewing website.

Cannabis-Infused Beers: CBD-Infused Beers

Two Flowers IPA CBD Infused Beer

While we know that CBD doesn’t really count as “cannabis”, we thought we’d include this CBD infused beer in the list anyways.

Brewed by Coalition Brewing Company, Two Flowers IPA has the base style of a west coast IPA that has been infused with CBD (Cannabidiol, a natural substance found in hemp plants). After the brewing process, the result is a light, crisp, bitter and refreshing brew. The bitter grassiness increases the hop bitterness, while the citrusy terpenes (aromatic metabolites found in the oils of all plants) in the CBD balance the aromas and flavours of the hops. As for the effects this beer has on you? Reviewers have described the effect as having a few beers in a hot tub. Others describe sensations such as “elevating” and “naturally calming”. It is important to note that Coalition Brewing is NOT making any specific health claims about the effects of the CBD hemp beer.

ABV: 6% | IBU: 60 | THC: 0mg | CBD: 10mg

Where to find Two Flowers IPA CBD Beer:

Two Flowers IPA can be found at varying restaurants, bars, and taprooms around Oregon. Coalition Brewing also offers seven other CBD hemp-infused brews.

It is important to note that cannabis THC-infused beers will give you a different type of intoxication than regular alcohol. Please drink responsibly.

What is �” a.k.a. “Weed Day”?

420, 4/20, 4:20 is slang in the marijuana culture used to refer to the consumption of cannabis. April 20th is considered a day to celebrate the smoking of marijuana. Many smokers believe that 420 is what binds the cannabis community together.


Dossier [ edit | edit source ]

This section is intended to be an exact copy of what the survivor Helena Walker, the author of the dossiers, has written. There may be some discrepancies between this text and the in-game creature.

Quite possibly the most intelligent non-human creature on the Island, Troodon magnanimus is an incredibly fast learner. It understands meaningful experiences much faster than other creatures (including humans), and its social nature means it also teaches its packmates, making them smarter too!

If Troodon's cleverness didn't make it formidable, then its tactics and biology would. It specifically pack-hunts at night when we are most vulnerable, and sees humans as its primary prey. This audacity is made especially dangerous due to its serrated fangs' poison, which drains stamina from any creature, but outright paralyses humans.

Thankfully, Troodon is fairly small. Were it larger, it might well have become the dominant creature of its ecosystem.

I thought Troodon simply could not be tamed, until I finally saw a lone survivor with one. She told me that she let "Troody" hunt a few of her tribe's smaller creatures for sport, and it eventually started following her everywhere. It seems that while Troodon is too intelligent to fall for the rote conditioning of "tranq-and-feed," it can instead gradually gain loyalty from a social approach that provides it with the opportunity to hunt. Ever since, I have wondered at the benefits which a pack of ultra-smart, bred-for-battle Troodon may bring to a tribe brave enough to earn the favor of these clever carnivores.

Behavior [ edit | edit source ]

Troodon are aggressive dinosaurs which have very small aggro ranges, almost like that of a Dilophosaur, but when alerted to your presence, all other Troodon in the pack will become aggressive. It is best to avoid these animals when starting out as they can easily outrun a survivor without any points added to speed and their venomous bite will slow you down. At night, their eyes glow and they also have a higher aggro range. A pack of these can take down a Carno pretty easily, so if you are planning on taking one down, take numerous speedy dinos and a ranged weapon.

Appearance [ edit | edit source ]

A smaller relative of the island's Raptors, Troodon is no less dangerous. It has large eyes which glow at night, perfect for spying prey in the dead of night, and serrated teeth made for grievously wounding unlucky victims. Worse still, it is venomous (a trait unseen in their fossil ancestors). Troodon also has a coat of feathers, in contrast to the relative "nakedness" of the island's other small carnivorous dinosaurs.

Color Scheme and Regions [ edit | edit source ]

This section displays the Troodon's natural colors and regions. For demonstration, the regions below are colored red over an albino Troodon. The colored squares shown underneath each region's description are the colors that the Troodon will randomly spawn with to provide an overall range of its natural color scheme. Hover your cursor over a color to display its name and ID.

This information can be used to alter the Troodon's regions by entering cheat SetTargetDinoColor <ColorRegion> <ColorID> in the cheat console. For instance, cheat SetTargetDinoColorـ 6 would color the Troodon's "main body" magenta .

Minecraft Wiki

Welcome to the Official Minecraft Wiki, a publicly accessible and editable wiki for information on Minecraft and related subjects. This wiki and its 7,105 articles are managed and maintained by 965 active contributors from the Minecraft community. Anyone can contribute!

Minecraft is a sandbox construction video game developed by Mojang Studios, with 2 editions, Java and Bedrock. Gameplay involves players interacting with the game world by placing and breaking various types of blocks in a three-dimensional environment. In this environment, players can build creative structures, creations, and artwork on multiplayer servers and singleplayer worlds across multiple game modes.

Minecraft Dungeons is an action-adventure role-playing video game where up to four players travel through procedurally generated levels, fight monsters and face off against the main antagonist, the Arch-Illager.

Minecraft Earth is an augmented reality mobile game where players travel to real-life locations to build structures and collect resources. It features many unique gameplay aspects and interactions similar to the main game. It will be discontinued on June 30, 2021.

Minecraft: Story Mode and Minecraft: Story Mode - Season Two were both episodic point-and-click narrative-driven graphic adventure video games based on the sandbox video game Minecraft, where player choices and actions had significant effects on later story elements.

  • . that walking and sneaking do not increase the food exhaustion level?
  • . that the original iron sword texture was taken from Notch's abandoned game Legend of the Chambered?
  • . that the pattern of slime chunks are always the same regardless of world seed in Bedrock Edition?
  • . that when the ambient sound 14 is put into a spectrogram, it appears to be a creeper face?
  • . that crying obsidian was originally planned to set the spawn point, but beds were added instead?
  • . that cakes were added as a response to Minecraft winning the 2010 Indie of the Year Awards?
  • . that the player's inventory can hold up to 999 stacks with 63,936 items using shulker boxes?
  • . that the Overworld logs are the only blocks that can be used as both input and fuel in a furnace?

Minecraft Dungeons

Achievements/Advancements Various challenges and goals that the player can complete. Blocks Detailed information on the various blocks that make up the world. Items Detailed information on the various items that the player can collect and use. Biomes Different regions in a world with varying geographical features. Enchanting Tools and weapons can be enchanted to improve the item's abilities. Effects Information about various effects that can be applied to mobs. Mobs Information about the various friendly and non-friendly creatures found in-game. Resource packs A user-created system that alters the look and feel of the game. Add-ons Various user-created modifications that can alter gameplay. Tutorials Different user-created guides on various aspects of gameplay.

Minecraft Dungeons

Achievements Various challenges and goals that the player can complete. Items Detailed information on the various items that the player can collect and use. Locations Information about locations in general. Enchanting Tools and weapons can be enchanted to improve the item's abilities Status effects Information about various effects that can be applied to mobs. Mobs Information about the various friendly and non-friendly creatures found in-game. Tutorials Different user-created guides on various aspects of gameplay.

April 1, 2021 Mojang Studios releases a screensaver application for Windows and a website titled Minecraft Plus!. April 1, 2021 Mojang Studios launches the Spring Sale for Bedrock Edition. March 31, 2021 Mojang Studios announces the upcoming Spring Sale and free skin pack for Bedrock Edition. March 5, 2021 Mojang Studios and Play Mechanix announce Minecraft Dungeons Arcade. March 2, 2021 Minecraft: The Mountain released. February 24, 2021 Minecraft Dungeons Ancient Hunts and the Flames of the Nether DLC are released. January 5, 2021 Mojang releases the final update for Minecraft Earth and announces that the game is set to be shut down on June 30, 2021. December 18, 2020 The new Chills and Thrills event for Minecraft Dungeons launches, lasting until December 30. December 6, 2020 Mojang Studios announce the Community Celebration event, gifting character creator items and Marketplace maps for free, every day until January 7.

May 5, 2021 Minecraft Dungeons released. April 22, 2021 Bedrock Edition 1.16.221 released. April 6, 2021 Bedrock Edition 1.16.220 released. March 24, 2021 Minecraft Dungeons released. March 9, 2021 Bedrock Edition 1.16.210 released. March 1, 2021 Minecraft Dungeons released on Xbox Series X|S. February 24, 2021 Minecraft Dungeons released. January 15, 2021 Java Edition 1.16.5 released. January 5, 2021 Minecraft Earth 0.33.0 released as the final version of the game.

Educational Tools

If you’re a beer geek like us, everything about the beverage of beer is fascinating. Part of’s mission is to help you learn about craft beer, so our website provides ample information. From beer service to beer tasting, the educational tools featured on the tabs below will help you expand your knowledge of craft beer.

If you’re working in beer, head to the retailer tab for a wealth of resources about how to expertly store and serve craft beer. The serving beer tab has some of our favorite how-to videos. You’ll learn how to pour the perfect beer as well as why you shouldn’t serve beer in frozen glassware. These guides will help you provide your customers with the best tasting experience possible.

Beer lovers can dive into beer and food pairings with the Beer & Food Course, or kick off a beer journey with the Beer 101 online course, which is aimed at a beer beginner education level.

We invite you to grab a beer, sit down, and start learning about craft beer with us. We’re glad you’re here! Beer and Food Course

The Beer & Food Course is helping beer and food professionals create memorable experiences for customers. The course is designed to guide anyone, including brewery employees, culinary educators, and students through the principles of beer and food pairing.

Beer 101 Course

The Beer 101 Course is an online course created for anyone looking for an introduction to craft beer. The course is produced by and published by the Brewers Association, the leading organization representing America's small and independent craft breweries.

Beer Glassware Feature Guide

While specialty beer glassware isn’t essential, it has been proven to enhance appreciation of craft beer. Download this guide and learn about the most popular beer glass shapes and which beer styles benefit most from each type of glass.

Enjoying Craft Beer Out of the Glass

In this video, Julia Herz shares four techniques to detect beer-clean glassware and what you should expect when ordering a beer.

Choose the Right Glass

In this video,'s Andy Sparhawk describes a few of the most common types of beer glassware and how the glass enhances beer's flavors and aromatics.

Frosted Glassware Is Not Cool

Temperature plays an important role in beer service. In this video, learn why you shouldn't serve craft beer in frosted glassware.

Beer Serving Temperature Tips For Retailers Guide

This beer serving guide lays out how four crucial beer temperatures make a difference in the beer drinking experience. Download it now.

How to Pour the Perfect Beer

In this video,'s Julia Herz shows you how to pour the perfect beer. Julia goes into detail about glassware, presentation, pouring techniques and tips.

Learn to Pair Craft Beer and Food

The Beer & Food Course is a one-of-a-kind resource that provides all the knowledge culinary professionals need to pair beer and food.

Create Experiences with Beer & Food Pairings

Beer and food pairings create an unforgettable dining experience. shows you how valuable this experience is to chefs and restauranteurs.

How Chefs Can Lead in Beer and Food Pairing

Chefs, restaurateurs and beer lovers who are looking for answers about beer and food pairings can look no further than the Beer and Food Course.

Craft Beer and Cheese Style Guide

In this guide, the American Cheese Society shares classic craft beer and cheese pairings. Discover how to perfectly pair beer and cheese with this guide.

Beer and Food Pairing Guide

The Beer & Food Pairing Chart breaks down pairing by looking at food components and beer flavors to describe potential interactions and provides examples of familiar dishes. View and download the pairing guide now. Beer & Food Course

The Beer & Food Course is helping beer and food professionals create memorable experiences for customers. The course is designed to guide anyone, including brewery employees, culinary educators, and students through the principles of beer and food pairing.

Menu Development and Tasting Form

If you're planning a meal around beer and food pairings, this menu development form is built to help. View and download the sheet now to build your test tasting.

Craft Beer & Cheese Interactions Guidelines

With help from the American Cheese Society, we’ve put together a beer pairing guide for six of the most common varieties of cheese. View and download the guide now.

Interactive Beer Tasting Worksheets

These beer tasting worksheets take you through tasting common beer styles alongside common food ingredients to allow you to quickly form generalizations about common interactions between beer and food. View and download the beer tasting worksheets now to learn more about beer and food pairings.

Beer Tasting Mat

This simple beer tasting mat helps you keep your beer samples organized and tasting notes organized. View and download the tasting mat now.

Beer Tasting Sheet

This beer tasting sheet helps you analyze the main characteristics of beer, including appearance, aroma and mouthfeel.

Advanced Beer and Cheese Pairings

Virginia’s Adroit Theory Brewing Company focuses on esoteric ales in very small batches. Hear about how they rely on non-traditional brewing methods and barrel aging to achieve liquid perfection.

Presented at Savor 2016

Pairings with The Red Hen & Country Boy Brewing

Join Kentucky’s Country Boy Brewing founder Daniel Harrison as he teams up with Mike Friedman of DC restaurant The Red Hen to offer attendees a look at regionally inspired craft beers and food pairings.

Presented at Savor 2016

Developing the SAVOR Menu

Ever wondered what goes into creating the SAVOR menu and trying to pair food with 176 different beers? This salon is your chance to find out from the chefs behind SAVOR: An American Craft Beer and Food Experience.

Presented at Savor 2016

Beer as Dessert

Join Stone Brewing craft beer ambassador and Certified Cicerone® Bill Sysak as he discusses Master Pairings concepts and his belief that craft beer can pair with any food in the world, even Girl Scout cookies. Bill will offer ideas to create your own pairings and also explore the versatility of craft beer when it comes to pairings other than food, such as whiskey and cigars.

Presented at Savor 2016

Craft Beer & Girl Scout Cookies

There’s more to putting on a successful beer dinner than meets the eye. Learn how to plan beer dinners, approach a test tasting, pick a theme, incorporate beer ingredients into your meal, and gain a better understanding of pairing practices.

Presented at Savor 2016

Flying Dog Brings the HEAT: An intimate look at how hot peppers are spicing up craft beer

Flying Dog brewmaster Matt Brophy is a hothead. He’s always been fascinated by the distinct types of heat that individual peppers impart on food. Naturally, that fascination (and now expertise) found its way into beer. Matt walks through the recipe development process and what ingredients their brewers look for to balance each pepper. He’s joined by Ed Currie, CEO and mad scientist behind PuckerButt Pepper Company, and Thom Toth, founder, president, and chief sauceologist at Voodoo Chile Sauces, who will speak to the dynamics of peppers, spice, and the relative scale of heat.

Presented at Savor 2016

Cooking with Hops

Throughout history, people have been cooking with hops. One of the greatest chefs ever, Auguste Escoffier, writes about using hops shoots as a vegetable. The bitterness of the hops can balance out the sweetness or fat in a dish. In addition to adding bitterness, hops can afford an herbaceous or spicy note. Professor Douglass Miller from the Culinary Institute of America and Chuck Bassford of Brooklyn Brewery will do a tasting of sweet and savory food dishes that utilize hops. The dishes will be paired with a variety of beers from Brooklyn Brewery.

Presented at Savor 2015

Boston Beer Presents: Beer vs. Red

Join Samuel Adams founder and brewer Jim Koch and brewer Jennifer Glanville as they discuss the parallels and differences between red wine and beer when paired with food. More and more, drinkers are appreciating craft beer in the same way they would a fine wine (e.g., smelling, tasting and attending to proper pouring) and are using full-flavored beers as an alternative to red wine in cooking and food pairings. Jim and Jennifer will address how beer and red wine interplay with grilled steak, dark chocolate and cheese and demonstrate how craft beer is the perfect complement to a wide range of food.

Presented at Savor 2015

Best of Beer & BBQ

A panel of brewers from areas with rich barbecue cultures discuss what makes their BBQ unique. From traditional regions like Kansas City, St. Louis and Austin to lesser-known areas such as Hawaii and Kentucky, the brewers will make their case for whose is the best. Each brewer will pair one of their beers with BBQ from a restaurant in their home region.

Presented at Savor 2015

Pairing Craft Beer with American Food: The Growth Years

This Salon will explore 25 years of pairing craft beer with American foods, focusing on the period of great growth in American cuisine between 1990-2000, and the role that culinary education played in that development. Principles of pairing, the process of flavor discovery and cooking with beer will be discussed.

Presented at Savor 2015

Urban Creole vs. Rural Cajun: Comparing Traditions through Beer

Bayou Teche Brewing and NOLA Brewing Company present an inside look at Louisiana’s Creole and Cajun cultures. The two breweries will share stories and traditions through regional foods and beers, explaining the differences between the two. Each brewery will present special release beers that are only available in their home regions.

Presented at Savor 2015

Beer Dinner Epiphanies

There’s more to putting on a successful beer dinner than meets the eye. Complement your SAVOR experience by attending a mini beer dinner hosted by Julia Herz, craft beer program director of the Brewers Association and co-author of the Beer & Food Course, Jeremy Cowan, founder of Schmaltz Brewing Company, and Doug Constantiner, brewer for Societe Brewing Company. Learn how to plan beer dinners, how to approach a test tasting, how to pick a theme, how to incorporate beer ingredients into your meal, and gain a better understanding of pairing practices, all while working through a three course mini-meal that is sure to impress and inspire.

Presented at Savor 2015

Flavor Components in Beer

This chart takes a look at common flavors people experience when tasting craft beer, what causes them, and if they should or shouldn’t be present in a particular beer style. View and download now.

Beer Flavors Six Pack

This sheet overviews the six major flavor profiles in craft beer. Common flavors found in these profiles ultimately help you build your beer and food pairing knowledge.

What’s Wrong With My Beer?

This handy chart looks at some common flaws caused by the mishandling of beer. Learn what to look for and why these flaws occur.

Deconstructing Craft Beer

In this video,’s Julia Herz deconstructs the beverage of craft beer by explaining ingredients, statistics (SRM, IBU, ABV), and perception.

Tasting Craft Beer

In this video,'s Julia Herz walks you through the steps of tasting a craft beer. She'll show you how to evaluate aesthetics, aromatics, and mouthfeel to get a well-rounded beer tasting experience.

Allagash & Deschutes: Beers Inspired from Local Terroir

Join Allagash and Deschutes for an intimate session to introduce the special, one-time-only SAVOR symposium collaboration beer, showcasing local ingredients from both regions. You’ll also hear about sustainable agriculture practices.

Presented at Savor 2016

A Journey through 30 Years of Craft Beer

Join brewery owner and co-founder Patrick Conway as he provides a retrospective of craft beer over the last 30 years through story and beer. He’ll relive the early days of craft beer, talk about changing consumer tastes and discuss what it takes to keep up in today’s current market.

Presented at Savor 2016

A Confluence of Visual and Liquid Art

What did the first beers brewed in America taste like? Join Sam Calagione of Dogfish Head Craft Brewery and “Brewing Local” author Stan Hieronymus as they provide insight into the beers Native Americans had been making for hundreds of years before Columbus arrived.

Presented at Savor 2016

20 Years with Coronado & Stone

Coronado Brewing Company and Stone Brewing are both celebrating their 20th anniversary in 2016, and have teamed up to brew a 20th-anniversary small-batch collaboration beer released at this SAVOR tasting salon. The panel will revisit the history of San Diego’s beer scene and discuss how it has influenced craft beer globally.

Presented at Savor 2016

Coopers Dance: Wood and Beer

Barrels, the ultimate container from the past, have made a comeback in brewing. Many brewers prefer used barrels to deemphasize the wood flavor and explore flavors from previous fillings. Maintenance of used barrels is a beautiful art that brewers are having to relearn. The simple yet complex nature of this skill will be demonstrated by Peter Bouckaert and Dick Cantwell, authors of the new book “Wood & Beer” published by Brewers Publications.

Presented at Savor 2016

Hop State New York

Brewery Ommegang is helping to reenergize the New York State hop farming industry. Ommegang partnered with local farmers and developed Hopstate NY, an American pale ale using only state-grown hops. Ommegang brewer Eric Van Schoick discusses the collaboration with hop farmers and Cornell College to craft beers with hops from the brewery’s own back yard.

Presented at Savor 2016

Fruit Beers vs. Fruit Flavored Beers

A fruit beer is defined as a beer fermented with fruit. A fruit-flavored beer has been flavored after fermentation with a fruit concentrate or extract. Schlafly Beer and Hardywood Park Craft Brewery share examples of both and provide suggested food pairings.

Presented at Savor 2016

Foeder Beer: A Search for Delicious

Perennial Artisan Ales of St. Louis and Right Proper Brewing Co. of Washington, DC both use large oak foeders as a conduit for the expression of their house mixed-fermentation cultures. The goal is character-filled beers with layers of complexity and charm.

Presented at Savor 2016

Getting Bigger but Keeping it Small

Oskar Blues Brewery was the first brewery to put craft beer in a can and has continued to grow exponentially since. While it has added a brewery in North Carolina and has one in the works in Texas, Oskar Blues has never forgotten its roots and the place that started it all. Hear how a growing brewery can still manage to keep that small-town feel.

Presented at Savor 2016

A History of Wood Aged Beer

Join New Belgium brewmaster Peter Bouckaert—co-author of a 2016 Brewers Publications title on wood- and barrel-aged beers—in exploring the intimate role wood has played in the history of beer. Peter will discuss the incredible flavors and attributes that wood can impart on beer, dive into various historical wood aging techniques and explain why wood remains an exciting ingredient today. He will be showcasing beers that each display the results of a different wood aging technique.

Presented at Savor 2015

Sour Families: A Tasting of Sour Beers Aged in Different Spirits Barrels

Allagash brewmaster Jason Perkins will guide tasters through an exploration of how residual spirits in barrels can impart a variety of different flavors in similar sour base beers. Jason will showcase extremely small production beers with limited availability, a few of which have not yet been sold commercially.

Presented at Savor 2015

Farm to Bottle: We Grow Beer

No farm, no beer. The incredible growth of craft brewing in the U.S. and around the world has led to explosive demand for new hop varieties as well as high quality malted barley. Learn about the importance of relationships with farmers and the specialty suppliers that provide craft brewers access to the ingredients necessary to make the beers we all want to drink. Get an in-depth look at the most sought-after hops and malt and sample a variety of Lagunitas beers to taste the differences resulting from the raw materials.

Presented at Savor 2015

Hops for Heroes: 10 Breweries, 1 Cause

Hops for Heroes was created in 2011 by craft breweries that wanted to team up and support our men and women of the armed forces. The result is Homefront IPA, a beer aged on Louisville Slugger maple bats, proceeds from the sales of which go to a military charity each year. This year, 10 craft breweries are participating in Hops for Heroes, including Center of the Universe Brewing Co., Cigar City Brewing, Fremont Brewing and Maui Brewing Company who will be at SAVOR to discuss the Hops for Heroes project and the importance of craft brewery collaborations for charity, and to sample various versions of the beer.

Presented at Savor 2015

A Collaboration of Barrel-Aged Wild and Sour Ales

Upland Brewing Company and Yazoo Brewing Company discuss their barrel-aged wild yeast and sour ale programs. Both breweries will present one of their wild/sour beers paired with a regional food dish, as well as reveal a collaboration beer blended from beers produced at the separate breweries. The breweries will provide an exploration into the sour beer brewing process and sours’ unique flavor characteristics.

Presented at Savor 2015

IPAs Across the Country

Hoppy beer lovers always enjoy a good comparison and exploration of differences between coastal IPAs. But now that many “Mid-Coast” breweries are fully immersed in the beer style as well, how has the category evolved? Join brewmasters from Coronado Brewing Company, Boulevard Brewing Company and Flying Dog Brewery as they dissect the most popular beer style in the U.S., while enjoying their favorite charcuterie and cheese pairing with their own brewery’s IPA selection.

Presented at Savor 2015

Cold Gold: Award-Winning Lager Beer

Lagers are the most-consumed style of beer in the world. Today’s craft brewers are putting their own spin on the classic style and creating intensely flavorful lager beers. Virginia’s Devils Backbone Brewing Company and Pennsylvania’s Troegs Brewing Company showcase their gold medal winning lagers and describe the lagering process.

Presented at Savor 2015

Grain and Grape Fermentations

Grapes and grains have been combined in fermented beverages since the dawn of the civilization. In fact the oldest known (based on botanical evidence) fermented beverage in the world was discovered in the Jiahu province and contained sake yeast, sake rice, honey and white grapes. American craft breweries have revived the traditions of combining these ingredients to create intensely flavorful and complex beers. Join Dogfish Head Craft Brewery and Schlafly Beer as they discuss beer and wine hybrids and each present two of these beers from their arsenal.

Presented at Savor 2015

The Evolution of Style: Vintage Tastings with Rogue & New Holland

Some beer just keeps getting better with age. Join us for an intimate sampling of more than three decades of vintage brews from Rogue Ales and New Holland Brewing Company. Both breweries will showcase some of their favorite products and share insight into the aging process.

Presented at Savor 2015

SAVOR Collaboration Beer

This year’s SAVOR commemorative beer comes from a collaboration between Baltimore’s Heavy Seas Beer and Philadelphia’s Yards Brewing Company. Both breweries have strong ties to British brewing traditions, traditions that are reflected in their Philtimore Collaboration Ale, which also features an American twist to the beer. Hear the story behind the beer, taste it before anyone else and try additional beers from each brewery.

Presented at Savor 2015

Ninkasi Space Program: The Mission to Make Space Beer

Eugene, Oregon’s Ninkasi Brewing Company has boldly gone where no brewery has gone before. They launched yeast into space hoping it would survive the g-force leaving Earth’s atmosphere, the cold weightlessness of space and the hot and hard re-entry to Earth—all in the name of science (that is, making beer with it). Learn about the trials and tribulations of the Ninkasi Space Program and taste the resulting out-of-this-world beer, Ground Control Imperial Stout, along with other offerings.

Presented at Savor 2015

Little Breweries with Big Flavors

While you may or may not have heard of 4 Hands Brewing Co., FATE Brewing Company, MobCraft Beer or Right Proper Brewing Company, that doesn’t mean they aren’t crafting quality beers full of flavor. Learn about each of these up-and-coming breweries and their unique station within the brewing community. Sample a limited release offering from each as you discover some new favorite breweries.

Presented at Savor 2015

Nitro Beers with Sam Adams founder Jim Koch

Join Samuel Adams founder and brewer Jim Koch as he discusses the Sam Adams Nitro Project. Attendees will have the chance to learn about the science behind nitrogenated beers.

Presented at Savor 2016

All Things Trappist

Join Father Isaac Keeley of The Spencer Brewery for an insider’s look into America’s only Trappist brewery. Learn how St. Joseph’s Abbey has brought centuries-old monastery brewing to today’s world.

Presented at Savor 2016 Flavor Triangle

The Flavor Triangle demonstrates that flavor is more than just taste, it's a combination of taste, aroma and sensation on the palate that all work together to create an intensity that you perceive.

Dark Beer Myths Debunked's Julia Herz debunks three myths surrounding darker-colored beer styles like porters and stouts and black ales. Don't be scared of the dark--beer color is not an indicator of a beer's body, calorie content or alcohol level.

Craft Beer Styles

With more 100 recognized world beer styles, it is helpful to learn what you should expect from a beer of a certain style, including: aroma, flavor, bitterness, alcohol ranges, color and carbonation.

Flavor Components in Beer

This chart takes a look at common flavors experienced when tasting craft beer and what causes them as well as if they should or shouldn’t be present in a particular beer style.

Draught Beer Quality Manual

The Draught Beer Quality Manual was written to help retailers consistently pour great beer and preserve profits through industry accepted best practices.

Operators Guide to Receiving Beer

Use this checklist when accepting beer deliveries to help keep quality at the forefront of your distributor and in-house staff.

Beer Aging Considerations for Retailers

This quick guide will help you decide which beers styles to age and what qualities to look for in beers that are the most likely to age well.

The Largest List of Brewing Hops

MoreBeer! has compiled one of the largest known lists of brewing hops online, with over 170 varietal hop descriptions.

Admiral Hops

This bitter British hop was bred from the combination of Northdown and Challenger hops, and commercially released in 1998. With an intense flavor and citrusy, orange nose, Admiral hops provide the perfect bittering agent in all types of India Pale Ales, Pale Ales, and Bitters. A high alpha acid composition of about 13% to 16.2% makes this easily harvested hop useful and readily available. Admiral hops compliment Target hops and are sometimes used in their place for a slightly less intense bitterness. The low oil composition of myrcene and caryophyllene lend a touch of woody, herbal character to this hop, making a bold combination with the apparent citrus scent. Test the taste of this high-yielding hop yourself in commercial brews like Stone Imperial IPA and Three Floyds Blackheart English IPA.

Agnus Hops

This Czech hop is the result of breeding a variety of hops including Northern Brewer, Saaz, and Fuggles, and was commercially released in 2001. Typically used for German style Lagers and Ales, this bittering hop also works well in a Pilsner. With an alpha acid range of anywhere from 9% to 15%, and spicy, citrus characteristics, Angus hops create a clean bitterness along interesting flavors. A slightly grassy aroma with a hint of lychee and thyme complete the full body of this hybrid hop. While hops like Saaz, Sladek and Northern Brewer can be combined in its place, this wide array of flavors and scents makes the Angus hop a great choice for single hop brews.

Ahtanum Hops

Used for both bittering and aroma, this versatile hop was developed in the American Pacific Northwest. Since Ahtanum can be used both for moderate bittering and a citrusy, floral aroma, it works well in an array of beer styles. It is most commonly used in Pale Ales for that perfect blend of fresh taste and mild bitterness. With an alpha acid composition of just 5.7% to 6.3%, Ahtanum hops can also be utilized in Lagers, IPAs, and APAs. Although this hop is easily harvested and generally available, you could also substitute Amarillo or Cascade hops in its place. Touches of earthy and piney notes make Ahtanum pellet hops a versatile brewing choice, as well. See the wide range of uses in commercial brews like Sierra Nevada&rsquos Celebration Ale and Dogfish Head&rsquos Blood Orange Hefeweizen.

AlphAroma Hops

A uniquely bred New Zealand hop, this varietal originated in the 1970s, but was not commercially released until about 1983. The unique oil balance and medium alpha acid content of about 5.8% to 10.9% make AlphAroma a dual purpose hop. Put these characteristics to good use by adding this hop to Pale Ales and Lagers to add a firm bitterness as well as a citrusy, fruity aroma. AlphAroma hops are not always the easiest to find, so brewing with them in addition to other multi-purpose hops is typically the way to go.

Amarillo Hops

This American hop varietal is both good for bittering and has amazing aromatics, making it a versatile, dual purpose brewing ingredient. Commonly added to all types of IPAs from American to Belgian and Imperial IPA&rsquos, Amarillo hops are also a great addition to American Pale Ales. An alpha acid range from 8% to 11% presents a moderate bittering quality while lush floral and orangey citrus aromas add fresh flavor to any type of beer. These well balanced characteristics and make Amarillo a popular hop. Using Amarillo is easy in both whole hop and pellet form. Similar varietals like Cascade and Centennial can be substituted or added to your brew. See how Amarillo adds flavor and balance in commercial brews like Rogue&rsquos Brutal Bitter and Green Flash&rsquos Hop Head Red.

Amethyst Hops

A Czech Republic origin makes the Amethyst hop a less commonly used ingredient in many popular beer styles. However, it does add a special something to Pale Ales, Lagers, and even Stouts. This comes from the rich, woodsy aroma and low bitterness that compliments full body brews. An alpha acid composition ranging from about 2% to 6% makes this hop most useful for adding aroma to your beer. Described as woodsy, earthy, spicy, and even citrus, these characteristics lend both rich aroma and flavor to any brew. If you&rsquore in need of a substitute, try Saaz hops.

Apollo Hops

This American hop was bred for a high acid content and was originally cultivated in 2000. The high alpha acid range of about 15% to 19% makes Apollo hops a perfect bittering agent in any style of IPA, especially Imperial IPA. It also gives off both earthy and citrusy aromas during the boil that add a wonderful touch of flavor to your bitter brew. Other bittering hops such as Columbus, Nugget, or Zeus can be used in place of Apollo, but add a different flavor profile. Because of their strength the use of Apollo pellet hops allows you to add less bittering hops overall. That can be an advantage for certain brewing systems where you want to reduce vegetal matter in the boil. Taste the difference in commercial brews like Otter Creek&rsquos Imperial India Pale Ale.

Aramis Hops

The hop Aramis hop is the result of a 2002 cross-breed of the French Strisselspault hop and English Whitbread Golding Variety hop. This fragrant hybrid has a minimal bitterness and heavy aroma, making it suitable for all stages of hopping. Aramis hops&rsquo versatility also lends itself well to multiple styles of beer including Pilsners, Lagers, Belgian style Saisons, and even Wheats. Expect both sweet and spicy notes with a hint of bright citrus. We&rsquove also read descriptions of this hop as earthy, hay, herbal. When we smelled it at the last Craft Brewers Conference we agree with the earthy, tea like aroma. Alpha acid range is mild at 6% to 8.3%. If you are looking for Aramis you probably dont need a substitute but you could look at Strisselspault.

Atlas Hops

A unique blend of Brewer&rsquos Gold and Slovenian wild hops make the Atlas or Styrian Atlas hop a versatile brewing ingredient. Though it carries a decent acid composition, this hop is typically used to add a rich aromatics to brews like Pale Ales and Belgian Ales. With an alpha acid range of about 7% up to 11%, this Slovenian hop brightens-up Ales and balances a piney, floral aroma. It is also not uncommon to get a hint of limey citrus nose on this European hybrid hop. Possible substitutions for Atlas hops include Aurora or Styrian Golding.

Aurora Hops

The bold aroma from this Slovenian hop is the result of a cross between Northern Brewer hops and TG hops of unknown origin. What you can expect is a wonderfully fragrant nose of tropical fruits and lime, floral, and fresh pine. This atypical aroma is best showcased in all styles of Ale from American to English and Belgian. The alpha acid range in the Aurora hop is usually from 6% to 9%, keeping the flavor bright without overshadowing the aromatic characteristics. Aurora&rsquos parent hop, Northern Brewer can often be used in place of this fragrant hop in a pinch.

Beata Hops

This British hop was specifically bred at Horticulture Research International back in 1995 for a high level of beta acid, and was not widely released until 2006. Paired with a rich aroma of honey, apricot and a touch of almond, the Beata hop promises an air of complexity in any brew. While this varietal is still new, it is a great experimentation hop in unexpected styles like Golden Ales and Blondes, though is most commonly used in English Bitter. It&rsquos the noteworthy beta acid levels of 9% to 11% that add to the alpha acids of only about 3% to 6% and make this hop a bittering super star. For comparable bittering quality and a somewhat similar nose, try Belma or Boadicea hops in place of Beata.

Belma Hops

These dual purpose American hops were developed by Puterbagh Farms in Washington State to offer just the right hoppy notes to compliment Pale Malt Ales. Featuring a wonderfully tropical aroma of pineapple, strawberry, and citrus, other notes include melon and light floral. Though this hop is new to the scene, it has been well received thus far and is said to craft a tasty brew when paired with hops like Calypso, Zythos, and Citra. An alpha acid content of around 10% along with the bright, fruity flavors makes for an incredibly versatile hop.

Bitter Gold Hops

This incredibly acidic varietal comes from the American lineage of hops like Brewer&rsquos Gold, Comet, and Fuggle. With no notable aromatic qualities and a high alpha acid range of 16% to 19%, Bitter Gold is utilized only for bittering. Add it to any brew from your favorite IPA to English Ales and of course English Bitter. While Galena or Nugget hops can be substituted for Bitter Gold, they do not yield the same intensely bittering quality ounce per ounce.

Boadicea Hops

Released in 2004 by the Horticulture Research International, this aphid-resistant hop is among the most environmentally friendly out there. Plus with a light bodied, rounded bittering characteristic and mildly spicy aroma, British Boadicea hops make a useful ingredient in a wide range of beer styles. Try this dual purpose hop for a bitter taste and light, grassy nose in your favorite IPA or APA recipe. Boadicea has an alpha acid composition anywhere from 6% to 10%. This varietal is perfect for finishing or dry hopping. It is also possible to substitute Boadicea with Green Bullet, Cascade, or Chinook hops.

Bobek Hops

Bobek, or Styrian Bobek hops are of Slovenian origin and a descendant of Northern Brewer hops. This varietal is commonly used to enhance the aroma of many beer styles including both English and Belgian style Ales, Lagers, and Pilsners. With a mild alpha acid range of 3% to 7%, it&rsquos really the delicately spicy, floral and piney notes that shine through. You could swap Styrian Bobek hops for its cousin hop, Styrian Golding, as well as Fuggle or Willamette. However, once you get the unique aroma from whole or pellet Bobek hops, there&rsquos no turning back. See for yourself by tasting these hops in Element Brewing Co.&rsquos Red Giant.

Bouclier Hops

This aromatic hop is a cross between Strisselspalt and wild Kent hops, giving it a decidedly English profile, though it was first developed in Alsace, France. Although you could use Bouclier hops for bittering in brews like a Saison or Pilsner, they are most commonly used to add aroma in English or Belgian style ales. The spicy, floral, and citrus scents create a uniquely herbaceous aroma that can really be used in any beer style. An alpha acid range of about 6.8% to 9% allows this hop to bring both a mild bitterness to your brew. If you can&rsquot get your hands on Bouclier hops, possible substitutes include Tradition, Tettnagner, or even Spalter Select. Give Bouclier hops a taste in brews like Velo City&rsquos Off the Wall Golden Ale.

Bramling Cross Hops

The British Bramling Cross hop is the product of a 1927 cross between traditional Bramling of a Golding variety and wild Canadian hops. What you get is an intensely fruity hop full of character that provides dual uses in brewing just about any style of beer. A rich aroma of blackberry, currant, and plum makes the Bramling Cross hop a perfect ingredient in traditional cask conditioned brews, but don&rsquot discount the unique flavor it brings to everything from Golden Ales to IPAs and even Stouts. With an alpha acid range of about 5% to 8%, this hop provides just the right balance of bitterness. Other hops from the Golding family like Whitbread Golding and East Kent Golding do offer some similar characteristics, and can be used in place of Bramling Cross in a pinch. Taste this hop&rsquos unique flavor in Brew Dogs&rsquo Bramling X IPA.

Bravo Hops

The wonderfully bittering Bravo hop was first developed by The Hopsteiner Breeding Company and released commercially in 2006. Gaining popularity from craft breweries across the American West Coast, this young hop is now being more widely used in styles like APAs and IPAs. With a high alpha acid range anywhere from 14% to 17%, Bravo hops are certainly best utilized in Pale Ales, but can be used in any style where smooth bitterness is desired. Spicy, earthy, and floral notes contrast the heavy bitterness for a smooth finish you&rsquore sure to enjoy. Substitute Bravo hops with Apollo, Columbus, or parent hop Zeus when necessary. You can really get a taste for this hop in brews like Dangerous Man Brewing Co.&rsquos Single Hop Bravo IPA.

Brewers Gold Hops

As the result of an open pollination with Wild Manitoba hops back in 1919, Brewers Gold hops are said to be dual purpose, but really work best as a bittering hop. A mild aroma of blackberry, currant, and a little spice can add a unique touch to darker brews like Imperial Stouts. An alpha acid range of about 6% to 10% makes the Brewers Gold hop a versatile bittering hop for your favorite brew. Though this hop grows quickly, it is easily susceptible to harsh conditions that affect the alpha acidic content, so this range can vary from season to season. If you do need to substitute Brewer&rsquos Gold, try varietals like Galena, Bramling Cross, or Cascade.

British Kent Goldings Hops

Though these hops are known under several names including BKG, Kent Goldings, and East Kent Goldings, they serve one purpose- to add a distinct aroma to your brew. British Kent Goldings originated in the Kent region of England way back in the 1790s. Used mostly in English style Ales and Pale Ales, British Kent Goldings add their soft floral scent of lavender and honey with overtones of fresh lemon and thyme for a little spice. With an alpha acid range of about 4% to 6%, the aroma is the strong point of this distinguished hop. If you think hops have gone over the top or you need a break from the C hops give Kent Goldings a chance. This hop is famous for blending with the malt in a harmonious, synergistic way. These hops are also among the easiest to substitute by using other varieties of the Golding family like US Golding, or try British Progress hops. You can taste and smell the effect of British Kent Goldings in commercial brews like the classic Samuel Adams Ale from Samuel Adams Brewery, or Saison de la Bond from Deschutes.

Bullion Hops

Bullion Hops are a sibling to popular Brewer&rsquos Gold Hops that originated in the U.S. around 1919. Though these hops gained popularity through the 1970s, they have become harder to find in recent years due to new super alpha hops taking their place. The traditionally high alpha acid range of around 8% up to 13% gives this bittering hop its super alpha association. Bullion hops also have an air of spicy, zesty aroma and flavor with a touch of blackberry and currant. These characteristics make the Bullion hop a perfect addition to darker brews like Stouts, Porters, and Dark Lagers. If you can&rsquot find Bullion hops, they are easily substituted with varietals like Columbus or Brewer&rsquos Gold. Taste this original super alpha hop in brews like Brown&rsquos Brewing Company ESB.

Calicross Hops

The Calicross hop is the result of a cross between Fuggles and California Cluster hops that was first produced in New Zealand around 1960. It took about 20 years for this hop to be replaced on the market by stronger, more vivacious varietals. It had an alpha acid range of about 5.8% to 7.9% and a soft, floral aroma. The Calicross hop added mid-level bittering and flavor to just about any type of ale, especially Amber and Brown Ales. Since this hop is no longer widely available on the market, you could substitute Calicross with parents California Cluster and Fuggles.

California Cluster Hops

Though their origin is still vague, California Cluster hops have been used since 1950, but suffered a devastating bout of Black Root Rot in New Zealand that left them virtually extinct. This event in the mid-1950s prompted the development of similar varietals using cross pollination with remaining California Cluster Hops. Today other varietals are more readily available, but you can still find some of the original California Cluster hops popping up at small organic farms throughout the U.S. With an alpha acid range of about 5.5% to 8.5%, you can try these hops in all types of ales, from Honey Ale to English Pale Ale or even a Barley Wine. If you have trouble finding California Cluster available for your brew recipe, try substituting with Galena, Eroica, or Cluster hops.

Calypso Hops

This American Pacific Northwest grown hop is a newer variety that is widely used for both bittering and aromatic characteristics. Its alpha acid content of about 12% to 14% makes Calypso an excellent bittering hop. Calypso hops have all kinds of flavor descriptions including the most common of apple, pear, and citrus. We also seen melon and tropical fruits which would make sense based on its name. We also read about people getting pepper, cherry blossom, and mint. That is a wide range of flavor! We see it used a lot in IPA&rsquos and Pale Ales but of course you could use it in darker beers as well even Stouts. Since Calypso whole hops and pellets are readily available, it is unlikely that you would need to find a substitute. Very unique dual purpose hop. However, it is possible to use another fruity hop like Cascade or Belma in a pinch. Taste the delightful blend of fruity and bitter in commercial brews like New Belgium&rsquos Rampant Imperial IPA.

Cascade Hops

The popular Cascade hop was first developed by the U.S.D.A. around 1972 in Oregon and has given life to the same varietal from other regions such as New Zealand and Argentina. All Cascade hops have the same essential traits but are influenced by the region they are grown in. Dual purpose applications and wide accessibility makes Cascade hops the most commonly used varietal in home and commercial craft brews. With an alpha acid range of 4.5% to 7% and a fruity, citrus aroma with spicy notes, Cascade brightens-up IPAs, APAs, and other American Ales. It is easy to get your hands on both whole and pellet form Cascade hops that also work great for dry hopping, though you could substitute with Centennial or Amarillo hops. You can taste Cascade hops in many commercial brews like Racer 5 IPA by Bear Republic or Sierra Nevada Pale Ale.

Cashmere Hops

The appropriately named Cashmere hop adds a silky smooth taste to all kinds of brews. Though this varietal is new to the market, having been released by Washington State University in 2013, it is quickly growing in popularity. A product of parents Cascade and Northern Brewer, the Cashmere hop has a unique aroma of herbal, spicy and melon flavors with citrus fruits. It also contains an alpha acid range of about 7.7% to 9.1%, giving it a moderate bittering quality that works well in an IPA, APA, or any American Ale. You could also combine Cashmere with parents Cascade and Northern Brewer, which also work as substitutions. Taste this brand new hop in commercial brews like Stag Hop #2 from Triple Voodoo Brewery.

Cekin Hops

Cekin hops were first commercially released as a super Styrian hop around 1990. This Slovenian hop has yet to prove its worth to both commercial and home brewers in the U.S., but does provide a wonderful aromatic quality to a brew. Along with sibling varietal Cicero, Cekin hops are more difficult to find, but do offer a distinctly earthy, continental aroma similar to Styrian varietals. Alpha acid range of about 6% to 8% providing a moderate bittering quality. Works well in Belgian Ales and IPAs. If you can&rsquot get your hands on the Cekin hop, try utilizing Celeia or Cicero hops.

Celeia Hops

Developed at the Hop Research Institute at Zalec in Slovenia, the Celeia hop can be used for its strong aroma and mild bittering characteristics. It is most often associated with or referred to as Cerera hops, another member of the Super Styrian Hops &ldquoC Series&rdquo. It is also often lumped under the name Styrian Goldings. With a pleasantly hoppy aroma similar to other European varietals, these hops work well in a wide spectrum of beer including English Ales, Lagers, and Bitters. An alpha acid range from about 4% to 6% lends a mild bittering quality. Celeia is a dual purpose hops. You can get your hands on Celeia hops from MoreBeer. If we are out you can substitute with varietals like Styrian Bobek hops or Saaz .

Centennial Hops

Centennial hops were first developed back in 1974 from a predominant Brewer&rsquos Gold hop mixed with Fuggle and East Kent Golding, among others. The result was a balanced aromatic and bittering hop which was released in 1990. Sometimes referred to as a Super Cascade, the Centennial hop offers a more citrus heavy aroma and taste that blends perfectly into IPAs, Pale Ales, or Bitters. An alpha acid range of 9.5% to 11.5% balances the crisp, fruity aroma when added to your boil. While it is easy to find the Centennial hop in both whole and pellet form, it has been said that blending Columbus and Cascade hops provides the closest replacement option. Taste the versatility of Centennial hops in commercial brews like West Coast IPA by Green Flash Brewing Co. or Sierra Nevada&rsquos Celebration Ale.

Challenger Hops

This woodsy varietal was bred by Wye College in 1972 with lineage to Northern Brewer and Northdown for a distinctly English flavor. Providing a versatile blend of both aromatic and bittering characteristics, Challenger hops are widely used in European brews. This hop gives off a rich aroma of cedar, green tea, spice, and a hint of fresh floral. With an alpha acid content of 6.5% to 8.5%, the moderate bittering quality is a nice compliment to its uniquely strong flavors. Challenger also blends well with other hops in brews like Pale Ales, Belgian Ales, and of course, English Ales. Possible additions or substitutions for Challenger hops include Northern Brewer and Perle. Taste this balanced hop in commercial brews like Fautline Brewing Co.&rsquos Pale Ale and Rip Curl Pale Ale from Full Sail Brewing Co.

Chelan Hops

Daughter to Galena hops, the Chelan hop was developed by the John I. Haas, Inc. breeding company and released in 1994. It is ideal for bittering, with high levels of both alpha and beta acids and a hint of fruity floral aroma. With an alpha acid range of about 12% to 15.5%, Chelan hops are most commonly used in American Ales and Pale Ales. The easiest substitution for Chelan hops would be another varietal Galena hops, though Nugget is also a viable option. You can taste how this hop perfects the bitterness in commercial brews like Black Jack Beers Single Hop Chelan English IPA.

Chinook Hops

This popular hop among craft brewers was developed in Washington State by the USDA in 1985. A cross between Petham Golding hops and a high alpha male, this dual purpose hop delivers both bittering power and a rich aroma. Intensely spicy and piney flavors influence the aroma added to any brew with a hint of bright grapefruit. This full flavor provides the perfect balance to a high alpha acid content between 12% and 14%. Earthy aroma and heavy bittering characteristics make Chinook hops perfect for styles like IPAs, APAs, and seasonal brews like Winter Ales and Stouts. As Chinook grows in popularity, it is easy to find in both whole and pellet form for your brew, though for a less intense bitterness you can certainly substitute with Northern Brewer, Columbus, or Nugget hops. Give it a try first by picking up a commercial brew like Karl Strauss Brewing Co.&rsquos Tower 10 IPA.

Cicero Hops

Another varietal of the Styrian C Series, this Slovenian hop grows well in Eastern European climates, but has yet to test well for domestic production. Used for both bittering and aromatic qualities, the Cicero hop has characteristics similar to those of Celeia and Cekin hops. An alpha acid content of around 6% to 7% makes for moderate bitterness in brews. It also adds a decidedly Styrian aromatic profile of light spice and floral. With excellent storability, it can be imported since it is not readily available in the U.S. If you need a substitute, try parent Aurora hops or another member of the Styrian C&rsquos.

Citra Hops

One of the most widely used hops in commercial, craft, and home brews, the Citra hop packs a pungent flavor that has been used in in many beer styles. Bred from four different hops including East Kent Golding and US Tettnang and released in 2007, this hop provides high levels of both alpha acids and oils. These characteristics lend Citra hops to both bittering and aromatic uses, most commonly found in styles like IPAs and Pales Ales. Bright orange, grapefruit, lemon and other wonderfully tropical fruit flavors create an aroma that is totally unique to this popular hop. An alpha acid range from about 11% to 13% provides the perfect bittering agent in in a boil, and lets aroma shine through when dry hopped. Combining Citra hops in whole or pellet form with other fruity varietals like Simcoe and Mosaic works well, while these can also be substitutions for Citra. Test out this fruity flavor yourself in commercial brews like Citra Single Hop Imperial IPA from Flying Dog Brewery, and see how it goes down when dry hopped in Sierra Nevada&rsquos Torpedo IPA.

Cluster Hops

Thought to be among the oldest hops in the U.S., Cluster hops also grow similarly in Australia and other regions. Its origins are vague, but Cluster was first found in Oregon, though it may have originated in Canada and has been readily available since the 1960s. With a robust aroma and substantial bittering quality, this hop is utilized as a dual purpose brewing ingredient. A very fruity aroma with fresh, hoppy notes lends itself well to multiple beer styles, but is most commonly used in darker brews like Lagers, Stouts, and Porters. An alpha acid range of 5.5% to 8.5% is what really makes the Cluster hop perfect in those deep brews. Varietals like Galena hops can be substituted for Cluster to provide a similar character. Taste the difference in commercial brews like Mendocino Brewing Co.&rsquos Blue Heron Pale Ale.

Cobb&rsquos Golding Hops

A British varietal of the Kent family, this aromatic hop has characteristics similar to that of other hops in the Golding series. First released back in 1881, this may be the most common varietal of the Golding series, though it is becoming increasingly less prominent in today&rsquos brewing world. Cobb&rsquos light, floral aroma brings that distinctive English profile to brews like IPAs, APAs, and English Ales, naturally. Has a moderate alpha acid range of about 4.4% to 6.7%. You can substitute Cobb&rsquos Golding hops for a similar varietal like East Kent Goldings or Early Bird in your brew, which will create a similar character.

Columbia Hops

Columbia is a descendent of Fuggle hops and sister hop to Willamette. First released in Oregon in 1967, production continued through the 1980s, but was soon abandoned in favor of more aromatic varietals. Due to the boom in craft brewing, this punchy, citrus hop has been revived since 2011 and is now gaining momentum. Columbia&rsquos signature citrus kick is perfectly suited to light ales like English Style Ales, Pale Ales, and IPAs. An alpha acid range from about 8% to 10% lends a mild bittering quality. You may still need to substitute Columbia hops with a similar varietal like Willamette or Fuggle. Give this hop a taste in commercial brews like Windmer Brothers&rsquo Columbia Common Spring Ale.

Columbus Hops

Also referred to as Tomahawk, Zeus, or the combined acronym of CTZ. Columbus hops are a member of the super popular Three C&rsquos, including Cascade and Centennial. Columbus are among the most widely used in today&rsquos brewing world. Being particularly high in alpha acid levels makes them an ideal bittering hops. MoreBeer! has Columbus available in whole or pellet form. The alpha acid range from about 14% up to 18% adds a smooth bitterness that works best in IPAs as well as Pale Ales and Imperial styles. To get the most aroma out of this dual purpose varietal, try the dry hopping process and relish in the pungent, peppery and licorice scent it will add to your brew. Since Tomahawk and Zeus are essentially the same as Columbus, they can certainly be substituted in your brew along with Chinook or Nugget. See how you like it in commercial brews like Bison Brewing Co.&rsquos Organic IPA or Mercury Brewing&rsquos Ipswitch Harvest Ale.

Comet Hops

A cross between English Sunshine and a native American wild hop, the Comet hop was bred by the USDA in 1974 to meet the need for a higher alpha producing hop. Though commercial production has slowed in recent years, it offers a unique flavor that is best suited to American Ales. With an alpha acid range of about 9.4% to 12.4%, Comet hops offer a substantial bittering quality paired with a distinctly American grassy and citrus aroma. Bittering your American style brew with Comet hops can be objectionable to some, but when done properly the result is one of a kind. Galena and Summit both offer a more readily available substitute to Comet when necessary. See if brewing with this hop is right for you by tasting the effects in highly-rated brews like Brew Dog&rsquos IPA and Dead Comet IPA.

Crystal Hops

With an interesting lineage stemming from Cascade, Brewer&rsquos Gold, and Early Green hops, Crystal hops are most commonly used for their aromatic properties. Released from the USDA&rsquos breeding program in 1993, this versatile hop compliments a wide variety of beer styles. The low alpha acid range of about 3.5% to 5.5% lets a wonderfully woodsy, earthy aroma shine with notes of spicy cinnamon and black pepper. Crystal hops are so flexible they make a great addition to styles like IPAs and ESBs as well as they are a great choice for many lager styles. Though Crystal hops are generally available in both whole and pellet form, you could also use Hallertau, Mt. Hood or Liberty Hops in their place. Taste this hop in commercial brews like Rogue Brewing Co.&rsquos Brutal Bitters or Nut Brown Ale from Wild River Brewing Company.

Dana Hops

Also known as Styrian Dana hops for their Slavic origin, this aromatic hop is the result of breeding German Hallertau Magnum and a wild Slovenian male. What you can expect is a subtle floral and citrusy aroma that adds character to styles like Belgian Ales and Pale Ales. With an alpha acid range around 7.2% up to 13%, this hop can also be used for bittering. However they are mostly used for aromatics in any brew. When substituting for Dana hops in your brew, try a similar Styrian varietal like Celeia or Bobek. Taste this unique hop in commercial brews like New Belgium&rsquos Hop The Pond Double IPA where it is used as one of the dry-hops.

Delta Hops

Delta is a 2009, American bred hop from a cross between the English style Fuggle hop and floral Cascade hop. The result is an increasingly popular brewing ingredient both for a luxurious aroma and substantial bittering characteristics. An alpha acid range of about 5.5% to 7% lets the Delta hop be utilized as a bittering agent in brews like ESBs and American IPAs. The intense aroma of fruity melon and citrus with a hint of spiciness compliments the moderate bittering quality in this distinctive hop. When in need for a substitute, try parents Fuggle or Willamette. Give Delta hops a taste in commercial brews like Harpoon Brewery&rsquos 100 Barrel Series Single Hop ESB.

Dr. Rudi Hops

With a lineage derived from smooth cone hops, Dr. Rudi hops were released by the New Zealand Horticultural Center in 1976. Formerly known as Super Alpha, this dual purpose hop adds both bitterness and succulent aromatic qualities to a brew. Containing an alpha acid content generally between 10% and 12% makes Dr. Rudi hops a perfect addition to any style Ale or Lager. The aroma you can expect to taste in your beer is vibrant lemongrass and pine with a touch of citrus peel. While there is no true substitute for Dr. Rudi, you could opt for Citra hops in their place. Get a feel for the flavor by trying Arbor Ales Single Hop Dr Rudi IPA.

Early Green Hops

While not much is known about the Early Green hop, it was developed by the Kirin Brewery Hop Research Center in Iwate, Japan. As you can guess, this hop is most commonly used in the globally popular Kirin Ichiban. Early Green provides a moderate alpha acid content, but has been used mostly for its fresh, bright aromatic qualities. It was also chosen as the parent for breeding Crystal hops, due to a high yield and easy growth. If you want to see how this hop tastes, head to your nearest sushi bar and grab a Kirin Ichiban.

El Dorado Hops

El Dorado hops were developed by American CLS Farms, LLC in 2008 and commercially released in 2010. Specifically bred for a high level of alpha acids and heavy aroma, this hop is the epitome of a dual purpose brewing ingredient. A high level of alpha acids normally ranging from about 14% to 16% delivers intense bittering quality to beer styles like IPAs and Pale Ales. The robustly fruity, almost candy-like aroma evokes everything from cherry, to peach and mango through lighter brews like wheats. Being such a young varietal means the El Dorado hop is not too hard to get your hands on, but if you would like to switch it out, try using Galena hops. Relish the fruity taste and aroma by trying commercial beers like Stone Brewing Co.&rsquos new Go To Session IPA.

Ella Hops

This Australian superstar was bred from a mix of Spalt and triploid hops and is a sister to the Galaxy hop. First commercially released around 2007, Ella hops are best known for their high oil levels and varied character they offer to your brew at different stages and amounts. Ella can give off a very spicy, earthy, almost anise like aroma in a boil and provides a bright, tropical fruit and citrus scent when dry hopped. These aromatic qualities work best in styles like Lagers, Pilsners, and IPAs. A high alpha acid range of 13% to 16% is overshadowed by the very oily composition of Ella hops, letting the plethora of aromas go to work. Finding a substitution for Ella hops really depends on when you intend to use them in your brew. If you&rsquore looking for that spicy aroma, try Delta or Cashmere hops, but go for a fruity hop like Citra if dry hopping. Taste Ella hops in commercial brews like Schlafly Hop Trial APA from St. Louis Brewery.

Endeavour Hops

Newer to the brewing scene, English Endeavour hops were bred in 2002 at Wye College and released commercially. Though they are still not the easiest hop to find, Endeavour offers that quintessential British brew flavor to styles like English Ales and Lagers. Expect an aroma of both rich currant and light grapefruit punctuated by bold, spicy notes. With an alpha acid range of about 7% to 11%, this hop varietal is more well known for its aromatic qualities much more than bittering. You might just have to fly across the pond to get a taste of Endeavour hops, or just find an imported brew like Hoppily Ever After Golden Blonde from Nottingham&rsquos Magpie Brewery.

Equinox Hops

This latest release from Washington&rsquos Hop Breeding Company has taken the brewing world by storm. Equinox hops offer pronounced aromatic characteristics that add a wonderful flavor to beer styles like IPAs and Pale Ales. An array of flavors bring something unique to your brew recipe and can range from herbal to spicy green pepper and tropical papaya to citrus. It&rsquos the high oil content that brings balance and lets the many flavors of Equinox shine. If this fresh hop is back ordered or unavailable, try Citra or Galaxy hops instead. Give Equinox a taste in commercial brews like Sierra Nevada Harvest Single Hop IPA.

Eroica Hops

A result of the USDA&rsquos cross pollination with Brewer&rsquos Gold, Eroica hops have been readily available since the mid-1980s. A sister to more popular Galena hops, Eroica is most commonly used to add a fruity flavor and sharp bitterness to brews like Lagers, IPAs, and APAs. While the oil content is high, a high alpha acid range of about 12% to 15% makes it an ideal hop for bittering. While bittering is the main purpose of this American hop, it contains a fruit forward flavor that can come through. The best substitutes in lieu of Eroica are sister Galena, Brewer&rsquos Gold, and even Bullion. Try it for yourself in Canadian Steamworks Brewing Company&rsquos Heroica Oatmeal Stout.

Falconer's Flight Hops

This varietal is exclusive to Hop Union and was developed in honor of American Northwest brewing legend Glen Hay Falconer and released in 2010. Falconer&rsquos Flight serves as a dual purpose brewing ingredient, imparting both a bittering quality and fruity aromatics to regional styles like Northwest style IPAs and Pale Ales. Falconer&rsquos Flight will generally have an alpha acid range from about 9% to 12%. If used as a flavor and aroma hop, your brew will also benefit from the light citrus, grapefruit, and tropical fruit flavors. If in need of a substitution for Falconer&rsquos Flight , try Cascade or Columbus hops instead. Taste this sought-after hop in brews like Falconer&rsquos Flight APA from Sly Fox Brewing Co.

First Gold Hops

This dual purpose hop was developed at Wye University from a cross between a dwarf male and Whitbread Golding that was released in 1996. The balance of both bittering and aromatic characteristics make First Gold hops an excellent addition to IPAs, English Ales, Porters, and more. First Gold hops have an alpha acid range between 6.5% to 9%, and will provide a unique aroma of floral magnolia and orange citrus with a hint of spice. First Gold further proves its worth by working well in both the boiling and dry hopping stages of your brew. If you did need a substitution, try using Crystal or East Kent Goldings instead.

Flyer Hops

British Flyer hops are the result of a high alpha acid female breeding line and a low trellis-type male hop that was licensed and released by Wye University in 2009. Though this hop can serve as a dual purpose brewing ingredient, it is most widely used as the bittering addition in beer styles like IPAs and ESBs. The average alpha acid range is about 8% to 14%, and normally has a low oil content. When used as an aroma hop, you can catch a glimpse of rich toffee, caramel and licorice, as well as citrus notes when dry hopped. Substitute Flyer for another UK varietal with citrus notes when necessary. Get a taste of Flyer hops in commercial brews like Quantum Brewing Co.&rsquos Single Hop Flyer IPA.

Fuggle Hops

This popular hop runs the gamut in global varietals from U.S. to U.K. and even more variations therein. Though the region hops are grown in will undoubtedly affect the characteristics that come through in your brew, Fuggle hops tend to assume the same general properties across the board. Introduced way back in 1875, Fuggles has been one of the most popular British hops used since! Now available and grown across the globe, Fuggles are used to complement a variety of beer styles to suit their region. They work well for both bittering and aromatics in Belgian and English Ales as well as Red Ales and IPAs. Fuggle hops will normally have a lower alpha acid level, generally between 3% and 7%. The aromatics tend to be earthy, with hints of grass, wood and mint. The best possible substitutions for any type of Fuggle hops include UK varietals Willamette and Goldings. Try to grab a bottle of Free State Brewing Co.&rsquos Ad Astra Ale to give these hops a taste.

Galaxy Hops

Australian developed Galaxy hops are sought after for their intensely aromatic characteristics. Bred from an Aussie high alpha female and Perle male, the result is a wonderfully bright, citrus forward flavor and aroma. Galaxy has a slightly higher alpha acid range between 13% and 15%,but the most common use is as a late addition or in dry hopping, which lends the fullest pungent citrus and tropical passion fruit flavors to a brew. Try these hops in your favorite IPA or Pale Ale recipe. Citra hops or Centennial hops can provide a substitute if you can&rsquot find whole or pellet Galaxy Hops . Taste the Galaxy hops in commercial brews like Flying Dog&rsquos Single Hop Galaxy Imperial IPA.

Galena Hops

Ever popular Galena hops were first developed from an open pollination of Brewer&rsquos Gold by the USDA breeding program in Idaho and released commercially in 1978. This bittering hop also offers a touch of aromatics in the form of spicy black currant and citrusy notes. With an alpha acid range of about 11% to 14%, Galena is possibly the most commonly used bittering hop in the U.S. This high alpha hop works wonders in brews like IPAs, Stouts, Brown Ales, and Pales. Galena tends to be consistently available due to its wide domestic usage from commercial, craft, and home brewers. However, if you did want a substitution, feel free to try out CTZ or Brewer&rsquos Gold in place of Galena. Get a taste of this hop in commercial brews like Kona Brewing Co.&rsquos Fire Rock Pale Ale or the Bitter Chocolate Oatmeal Stout from Stone Brewing Co.

Glacier Hops

This dual purpose hop was bred by Washington State University from a large mix of varietals including Northern Brewer, Bullion, and German aroma hops, and released in 2000. Glacier provides a wonderful balance of acids and oils, making it an incredibly useful brewing ingredient. With an alpha acid range of 4% to 7% and moderate oil composition, Glacier is often used as a bittering agent in styles like IPAs and Bitters. However, it also works well as an aromatic, lending a grassy, hop forward flavor with a touch of citrus to a Pale Ale. If you need a substitution for Glacier hops, try Fuggle or Styrian Golding. Give Glacier a try by grabbing a bottle of O&rsquoFallon Brewery&rsquos Wheach Wheat Beer.

Golding Hops

One of the most traditional English varietals, Golding hops hail from a lineage of East Kent Goldings. Having been produced in the U.K. for over 200 years, Goldings have also become popular amongst American brewers for several decades. A unique aroma of mild sweetness and light floral let this hop lend a pleasing flavor to lighter styles of beer. With an alpha acid range of about 4% to 7%, Goldings tend to be used only for their aromatic characteristics. Try this classic varietal in styles like ESB, Brown Ales, and Porters. If you&rsquore looking for another option with similar properties, try out East Kent Golding or Willamette. Give Golding a taste in brews like Desert Storm Pale Ale from Storm Brewing Co.

Green Bullet Hops

New Zealand&rsquos Green Bullet hops were produced as a result of cross pollination with the Smooth Cone varietal from the same region. First released in 1972, this versatile hop serves as a dual purpose ingredient, offering bittering and aromatics to a brew. Green Bullet hops will have an alpha acid range of 11% to 14%, and are commonly used in ESBs, IPAs, and Lagers. A rich aroma of pine, spice, and dark fruits like raisins can be expected. Try combining or replacing Green Bullet hops with Hallertauer Tradition or Mt. Hood hops for a nice complex flavor.

Hallertau Hops

Hallertau, or Hallertauer hops can be found in multiple variations around the globe. This popular aroma hop is grown and utilized in New Zealand, the U.S. and its native Germany. Though the region affects the outcome of the overall characteristics of the hop, Hallertau hops all share a basic profile. With a lower alpha acid range that generally stays between 3% and 5%, Hallertau hops are normally used for their aromatic influence in a brew. Expect an herbaceous floral scent with a hint of spice and a hay-like quality. These aromatics pair perfectly with Belgian style Ales, Lagers, and Bocks. Test out domestic, German and New Zealand Hallertau hops in the same brew to sense the subtle differences. If you need a substitute, any hop from the Hallertau family, like Hallertau Mittelfruh works fine.

HBC 342 Experimental Hops

Hop Union and the Hop Breeding Co. introduced this experimental American hop in 2012. So far it has garnered rave reviews from home and craft brewers alike. Bred for its high alpha and pleasing aroma, this dual purpose hop works well in a variety of beer styles. With an alpha acid content between 11% and 14%, HBC 342 offers a wonderful bittering quality in beers like IPAs, Pales, and Brown Ales. The mild citrus, tropical, and melon fruit aromas help to make this experimental hop even more versatile. This new hop is still being tested and is generally only available in limited quantities. Brewers have concluded thus far that Simcoe hops prove to be a decent substitute to the HBC 342 Experimental hop .

HBC 472 Experimental Hops

Developed through the Hop Breeding Company (HBC) in the Yakima Valley this hop is a subspecies of neomexicanus. HBC 472 is a result of open pollination and has some very inique flavor charecteristics. The aroma can be described as floral, woody, coconut, whiskey/bourbon and even some fruity notes of citrus and grapefruit as well. The robust charecter of this hop lends well to full flavor beer styles such as pale ales, IPAs, porters, stouts and barrel-aged beers.

Helga Hops

This Australian bred hop has a decidedly German character from parent varietal Hallertauer Mittelfruh. Helga was a product of open pollination of a Hallertauer Mittelfruh female, and was formerly known as Southern Hallertau. After its commercial release in the late 1980s, Helga began gaining popularity among craft brewers in the late 1990s for its versatility as a dual purpose ingredient. With an alpha acid range of just 5% to 7.5%, the bittering quality is not strong, but apparent in beers like Belgian and American Ales. A delicate floral, herbaceous aroma carries a bit of spice for a depth that works well in darker Lagers. If you have difficulty finding Helga hops for your brew, consider substituting with parent Hallertauer Mittelfruh. Get a taste of Helga in craft brews like Eagle Rock Brewery&rsquos Bitter Helga ESB.

Herald Hops

Herald Hops were bred by Wye College in the U.K. as a sister to Pioneer and Pilgrim hops. Released in 1996, this dual purpose hop is best known for the sharp bittering quality it adds to your brew. With an alpha acidic range of about 11% to 13%, this moderately-high alpha hop works wonders in Pale Ales, Golden Ales, and of course, Bitters. Herald also has a delectable aroma of orange, grapefruit, and light citrus from its high levels of mycrene oil. If Herald hops are not available for your brew, the best substitutes are sister varietals Pioneer and Pilgrim.

Herkules Hops

A newer German hop, Herkules was bred from a cross between Hallertau Taurus and a Hull male, and released by the Hull Hop Research Center in 2005. Though Herkules offers a unique aroma of spicy, pine, and peppery notes, this varietal is most commonly used as a bittering agent in brews due to its high alpha content. With an alpha acid range of about 12% to 17%, this hop provides a strong bittering quality in German style Ales and Lagers. The combination of intense flavor and bittering makes Herkules hops a popular brewing ingredient. When in need of a substitute, try parent Hallertau Taurus or Warrior hops. Taste Herkules hops in a craft beer like Deschutes Brewery Hop Henge IPA.

Hersbrucker Hops

This quintessential German hop is the product of natural selection and is therefore readily available and widely used around the globe. Also referred to as Hallertau Hersbrucker as it hails from the same region in Germany, there was also a Hersbrucker Pure spin-off developed by Anheuser Busch with similar aroma and slightly higher alpha acid content. In its natural form, Hersbrucker hops are used specifically to add the distinctively German aroma to Lagers, Pilsners, Bocks, and other traditional European styles. Expect a spicy, floral aroma with rich fruity overtones when you add these hops to your boil. This varietal has a low alpha acid range of 2% to 5%, which is another reason it&rsquos rarely used for bittering and most commonly used for the wonderful aroma. Though Hersbrucker whole and pellet hops are easy to find, you could use Mt. Hood hops in their place. To taste Hersbrucker in a commercial brew, try Storm Brewing Co.&rsquos Pale Gale Ale.

Horizon Hops

American bred Horizon hops are a sister to Nugget hops with lineage including Brewer&rsquos Gold and Early Green. Released in Oregon in 1997, Horizon contains the lowest cohumulone levels of any hop. Utilized for both bittering and aromatic characteristics, this hop makes the best impression on American style Ales, but fares well in Lagers, too. An alpha acid range of about 11% to 13% allows this hop to be utilized at any stage of the brewing process. The lush scent of spice and floral with a hint of citrus makes this hop work well in a wide variety of beer styles. If you can&rsquot find Horizon hops, try substituting with Magnum hops. To taste Horizon hops in commercial brews, try the Horizon Red IPA from Summit Brewing Co.

Huell Melon Hops

Huell Melon or Hull Melon hops are a newer German hop known for their bold and unique flavor. This &ldquoflavour hop&rdquo was bred as a daughter of Cascade hops at the Hull Hop Institute and released in 2012. Its strong fruity character of melon, strawberry, and apricot are most prevalent when utilized in the dry hopping stage of your brew. With an alpha acid content between 6% and 8.5%, Huell Melon is primarily used as an aroma hop. Its uniquely fruity flavor lends well to a variety of beer styles, most commonly Belgian Ales and Hefeweizens, as well as Seasonal Summer brews. Due to Huell Melon&rsquos unique aroma profile, finding a substitution is not easy, but you can&rsquot go wrong with Cascade hops. Savor this fruity flavor in Beaver Brewing Co.&rsquos latest release, Huell Melon Single Hopped Pale Ale.

Idaho 7 Hops

Idaho #7 hops have flavors and aromas best described as piney, tropical, fruity, citrusy, earthy. Typically used as an Aroma/Flavor hop with high alpha acid levels and average cohumulone content. Its strong hop character makes it ideal for IPAs, APAs and any other hop forward beer. Suggested as a single hop or for blending as a late addition. The high oil content and soft pelletizing process make this ideal for dry hopping and whirlpool.

Idaho Gem&trade Hops

Found by Gooding Farms in Parma, and named after its home state. This amazing dual-purpose hop is loaded with fruit-forward aromatic oils that make it prime for late kettle and dry hopping additions. Often described to give bursting fruit flavors of pineapple and cherry reminiscent of jolly rancher candies.

Ivanhoe Hops

This American varietal is an original California Cluster variety that has just been brought into production after nearly 50 years. A distinct European style aroma of citrus and pine with herbal floral notes makes Ivanhoe a perfect aromatic hop. With a low-medium range in alpha acid content between 7% and 8%, Ivanhoe is typically used as an aroma hop. Try Ivanhoe hops in recipes that call for Galena, Cluster, or Northern Brewer. Give Ivanhoe a taste in craft brews like Harvest Organic Pale Ale from Black Diamond Brewing Co.

Jester Hops

Developed by U.K. hop development powerhouse Charles Faram, this hop brings bold flavor to an English style. Still new to the brewing world, Jester produces a punchy, tropical fruit aroma with hints of blackcurrant and grapefruit. Primarily used for those aromatic characteristics, an alpha acid content between 7% and 9% can serve as a mild bittering agent, as well. Try Jester in beer styles like IPAs and English Ales. Other varietals like Challenger hops compliment or could potentially replace Jester in your brew. To taste, look for English beers like Caledonian Brewery&rsquos Deuchar&rsquos IPA, or brew an English Pale Ale soon!

Junga Hops

This Polish varietal is a high alpha acid hop best utilized as a bittering agent. If used for aroma purposes however, Junga hops do provide blackcurrant, grapefruit and spice notes. The alpha acid range of 10% to 13% makes this varietal a high alpha hop that provides fantastic bittering in beer styles like IPAs, Lagers, and Altbiers. If you can&rsquot get your hands on true Polish Junga hops, try substituting with Nugget, Target, or Galena hops. Try this unique hop in Arbor Ale&rsquos Single Hop Junga IPA.

Kazbek Hops

A combination of the most popular Czech hop, Saaz, and wild hops from the Caucasus Mountains, Kazbek hops were released in 2009. Kazbek has said to be spicy like parent Saaz, but with an extra kick of wild earthiness and a hint of lemon. These bold characteristics make Kazbek a perfect aromatic hop that also imparts wonderful flavor into many styles of beer. Try it in your favorite recipes for Pilsners, Lagers, and Belgian Ales. An alpha acid content of 5% to 8% keeps bitterness in check and keeps Kazbek versatile. For a similar varietal, try using Czech Saaz hops. If you want to give Kazbek a taste, see if you can get your hands on Howling Hops Kazbek Kolsch from Howling Hops Brewery.

Kohatu Hops

This New Zealand bred varietal was bred around the same time as popular Wai-iti hops, and carries some similar characteristics. Though Kohatu contains a somewhat low alpha acid content of about 5% to 7%, it creates such a delectable, rounded bitterness when brewed that it is considered a dual purpose hop. Expect an aroma of intense tropical fruits, lots of pine, and a touch of lush floral. Kohatu&rsquos versatility makes it a good fit for many styles of beer, so try it in your favorite IPA, Pale, or even Blonde recipe for an extra fruity flavor. You can always substitute this high-aroma, mid-alpha hop for another fruity varietal like Wai-iti or Motueka. Get a real taste for this hop with Brew Dog&rsquos Kohatu Single Hop IPA.

Liberty Hops

This American hop is the result of breeding German Hallertau Mittelfruh hops with a USDA male and released in 1991. Best utilized as an aroma hop, Liberty imparts a spicy, citrus lemon scent and flavor into just about any Lager. Liberty tends to work well in Pilsner, Bock, and Kolsh styles due to its German roots. With an alpha acid content of just 3% to 5%, Liberty is rarely used as a bittering hop. Easy substitutions for Liberty hops include Hallertau Mittelfruh and Mt. Hood, which offer similar levels of aroma and bittering.

Lubelski Hops

Also known as Lublin hops, this Polish varietal is a product of popular Saaz hops and is paving its own way as a viable brewing ingredient. With a mild aroma similar to that of traditional noble hops, Lubelski also contains a high farnesene oil content, which enhances soft floral notes of lavender and magnolia. This hop is renowned in the brewing world for putting a fresh spin on Lagers and Belgian style Ales. Lubelski hops well have a low alpha acid content of about 3% to 5%. The established regional hop Saaz is always a decent substitute for Lubelski, as well as Sterling hops. To give these hops a try, get your hands on regional Perla Browary&rsquos Perla Chmielowa Premium Pale Pilsner.

Magnum Hops

A cross between Galena and a German male hop, Magnum hops are available in both German and U.S. grown varieties. The German varietal is known as Hallertau Magnum, so it&rsquos generally clear where your hops came from. Primarily used as a bittering hop, Magnum has only a mild, herbal, piney and resinous aroma typical of high alpha varietals. The alpha acid range of 10% to 14% provides perfect bittering in beer styles like IPAs, Pale Ales, and even Stouts. This clean bittering agent is what makes Magnum hops so popular. If you can&rsquot find Magnum in whole or pellet form, try substituting with Nugget or Hallertauer Taurus. Try Magnum in Paulaner&rsquos Extra Dry Premium Pilsner.

Mandarina Bavaria Hops

This brand new German varietal was just released in 2012 from the Hull Hop Institute. With Galena as a parent, you can expect the same type of wonderfully fruity aroma. Mandarina Bavaria contains an alpha acid content between 8.5% and 10.5%, though it is used more so for aromatics than bittering in a wide variety of beer styles. Since Mandarina Bavaria is still so new, it is continually being tested in all kinds of brews, from IPAs to Belgian Ales and Lagers. Both Nugget and Columbus hops make a suitable substitute for Mandarina Bavaria hops, if needed.

Mathon Hops

An English varietal of the Whitebine series, this aroma hop has been around for ages, yet its origins are not widely known. What we do know, is that Mathon is so closely related to other Whitebine varietals Canterbury and Farnham that some say they are indistinguishable. You can expect a typical Goldings variety aroma of fresh, light floral that of course works well in English and Belgian Ales, not to mention Bitters and Pales. An alpha acid range of 4% to 7% lets the distinctive aroma come through with just a hint of bittering quality. Mathon hops are easily substituted with one of the other Whitebine hops as well as Kent Goldings and Bramling. To taste this hop for yourself, pick up British Teme Valley Brewery&rsquos The Hop Nouvelle Goldings Series Bitters.

Marynka Hops

Marynka is another widely produced Polish hop with both bittering and aromatic characteristics. Registered in 1988, this hop is commonly used in European beer styles for its true dual purpose in brewing. With an alpha acid content between 9% and 12%, Marynka offers good bittering characteristics for brews like ESBs and IPAs, and a strong aroma that adds depth to Pilsners and Pales as well. Expect an earthy, floral and resinous aroma that imparts a rich taste to your recipe. If in need of a substitute, try using Strisselspault or Tettnanger hops. Give Marynka a taste in English brews like Marston&rsquos Single Hop Marynka IPA.

Medusa&trade Hops

Medusa is of the neomexicanus hop lineage, native to Colorado and New Mexico region. It's name comes from the multiheaded cone that forms on it's vines. Medusa hops have low alpha acid levels at 2-4% AA but high Myrcene oil content. It's a great hop is for late additions, including whirlpool and dry hopping due to it's high oil content and bright fruit flavors and aromas of guava, melon, apricot, and citrus.

Meridian Hops

Meridian is a brand new varietal on the market, produced mostly in the Willamette Valley in Oregon. Though still in an experimental stage, aromatic Meridian hops have been found to compliment the flavors of whichever hops they are brewed with to create a bright, unique taste. On their own you can expect a fruity aroma of berries, orange, and tropical fruits that add a nice touch to IPAs, blondes, and pales. Meridian hops will generally have an alpha acid range of about 6% to 7%. To really bring out the flavor in your brew, try pairing whole or pellet Meridian hops with Citra, Centennial, or Glacier, which are all decent substitutes as well. Try this new hop in craft brews like Base Camp Brewing Co.&rsquos Lost Meridian Witbier.

Merkur Hops

This newer German hop is the offspring of popular Hallertauer Magnum that was released by the Hull Hop Research Center in 2000. Known for similar characteristics to Magnum, German Merkur hops are also primarily used as a bittering agent in brews. These hops can also offer an earthy, rich aroma with a touch of citrus, allowing them to be used as a dual-purpose hop. Their alpha acid range of about 12% to 15% provides a clean and smooth bittering characteristic that works well in IPAs, lagers, and Belgian ales. If you can&rsquot find German Merkur Hops in pellet or whole form, the best substitution is parent Hallertau Magnum.

Millennium Hops

This American bittering hop was bred from a cross between Nugget and Columbus hops and released appropriately in 2000. Though Millennium contains fairly intense earthy, resinous and citrus aromas, it is most commonly used as a bittering agent in brews. With an alpha acid range of 14% to 17%, it is one of the highest alphas of the popular American varietals. These characteristics work best in American ale styles like APAs, IPAs and stouts. The best substitutes for Millennium in your recipe are parents Nugget and Columbus hops. Get inspired by tasting this hop in commercial brews like Toppling Goliath Brewing Co.&rsquos Light Speed Pale Ale.

Mittelfruh Hops

Also referred to as Hallertau Mittelfruh hops, this German varietal is one of the four original Noble Hops. Expect the traditional European aroma of mild spice, floral and a touch of citrus associated with these original Noble Hops. Traditional roots make these hops best suited for most lagers, particularly German pilsners. An alpha acid content between 3% and 6% is low, but this hop can still be used as a bittering addition. Since Hallertau Mittelfruh hops are not always available, try substituting with Liberty or German Tradition.

Mosaic Hops

A product of Nugget and Simcoe hops, American bred Mosaic hops are one of the most in-demand aroma hops on the market. Released in 2012 by the Hop Breeding Company, Mosaic presents a complex bouquet of earthy, pine, and fruit aromas from berry to mango. Though Mosaic does contain an alpha acid range between 11.5% and 13.5%, it is generally not used for bittering. The overall characteristics of Mosaic hops make for a lovely addition in just about any beer style, though most commonly used in pale ales, IPAs, and stouts. Due to the high demand for this aromatic hop, you may need to substitute with parents Simcoe or Nugget. Taste Mosaic for yourself in craft brews like Victory Brewing Co.&rsquos DirtWolf Double IPA.

Motueka Hops

Referred to as both New Zealand Motueka and B Saaz hops, this hop varietal has a clear lineage from the Saaz line. Bright notes of lemon, lime, and tropical fruits make Motueka a versatile brewing ingredient that compliments an array of beer styles. The normal alpha acid range is 6.5% to 8.5%. Motueka is most commonly used in IPAs, pale ales, and Belgians, but also brightens-up lagers and European ales. If you can&rsquot get your hands on enough New Zealand Motueka hops , try substituting with parent Saaz or Sterling hops. Enjoy the taste of this citrusy hop in commercial brews like Sierra Nevada&rsquos Southern Hemisphere Fresh Hop IPA.

Mt. Hood Hops

This American aroma hop is a triploid seedling of Hallertau Mittelfruh and half sister to Ultra, Liberty and Crystal hops, released in Oregon in 1989. This lineage creates a wonderfully aromatic combination of mild herbs and floral with a hint of citrus. An alpha acid range of 4% to 8% lets the mild flavors and aromas come through in beer styles like English ales, bocks, and even stouts. Possible substitutions for Mt. Hood hops include Hersbrucker, Liberty, and Crystal. Taste the flavors of this unique hop in Anachortes Brewery&rsquos Vienna Amber Ale.

Mt. Rainier Hops

Mt. Rainier hops come from a complex parentage including Hallertauer and Magnum, and are bred at Oregon State University. With an alpha acid content of 5% to 8%, Mt. Rainier is commonly used as a dual purpose hop. A moderate bittering agent as well as an aroma of light floral mixed with citrus and licorice overtones, these hops make a nice addition to many beer styles. Substituting Mt. Rainier hops can be done with Fuggle or Hallertauer hops.

Multihead Hops

A neomexicanus breed of hops named for its tendency to produce multiple cones. Multihead has Low alpha acid levels 3.5 - 4.5% and high oil content that makes it perfect for packing flavor and aroma into your beer without high bitterness. Known for it's intense tropical flavors & aromas of melon, guava, apricot and citrus.

Nelson Sauvin Hops

This cross between New Zealand Smoothcone and wild hops makes for a versatile brewing ingredient. A high alpha and distinctly fruity aroma make Nelson Sauvin hops totally unique. A bright aroma of gooseberry, grapefruit and citrus pack a punch in beer styles like APAs, IPAs, and even some lagers. The alpha acid range of 12% to 13% offers a great bittering quality that is balanced by the intense fruitiness. Other regional varietals like Pacifica and Pacific Jade can sometimes be substituted for Nelson Sauvin hops if needed. Taste this varietal in craft brews like Hello, My Name is Ingrid Imperial IPA from BrewDogs.

Neo1 Hops

Neo1 like its name hints at is from the neomexicanus breed of hops. It is a dual purpose hop and can be used in boil with it decent alpha acid rating of 6-9%. But it really sines as a whirlpool or dry hop addition with its huge lemon & lime notes.

Newport Hops

Newport hops were developed by the USDA as a descendent of Hallertau Magnum hops and released in 2002. This high alpha hop is most commonly used as a bittering agent in brews. Containing a mild flavor and aroma of citrus with a hint of balsamic, Newport is typically used in American ales. With a relatively high alpha acid range between 13.5% and 17%, Newport provides excellent bittering in numerous beer styles. If you want to substitute Newport hops in your brew, try using parents Magnum or Nugget hops.

Northdown Hops

Bred from a cross between Northern Brewer and a German male hop, Northdown was released in the early 1970s as a dual purpose brewing ingredient. With an alpha acid content between 7.5% and 9.5%, Northdown provides a moderate bittering agent in any style of beer. It also offers a fresh aroma of cedar, pine, and light floral that adds depth to both light and dark ales and lagers. When in need of a substitution for Northdown hops in your recipe, try Northern Brewer or Challenger hops. You can taste the rich flavors of this hop in Wotever Next Dark Ale from Teme Valley Brewery.

Northern Brewer Hops

This traditional German bittering hop was first bred at Wye College from a cross between Brewer&rsquos Gold and Canterbury Golding. Released in the 1940s, this varietal is now available in regional spin-offs, including a very similar U.S. grown Northern Brewer. It is currently used as a true dual purpose hop, offering both well-rounded bitterness and a full, woodsy aroma of pine, herbs and mint. The alpha acid range is generally between 8% to 10%, and can be used to bitter most ales as well as some lagers. If you need a to swap out Northern Brewer pellet or whole hops, try using Chinook, Magnum, or Galena. Give Northern Brewer a try by grabbing a bottle of just about any variety from Anchor Steam Brewing Co.

Nugget Hops

Bred from Brewer&rsquos Gold and a high alpha male, this American Hop was released in 1982 and has become increasingly popular. Though Nugget was first believed to be only a bittering hop, it is now generally accepted as a dual purpose brewing ingredient. This is due to Nugget&rsquos very pleasant aroma of spice, herbs and soft notes of peach and pear that come through due to high oil levels in the hop. An alpha acid range from about 12% to 14.5% allows for a strong bittering quality that shines in brews like IPAs, barley wines, and ESBs. Nugget hops are generally readily available in both pellet and whole form, but you could also use Magnum or Galena as a substitute. If you&rsquore looking for a taste of Nugget hops, pick up Mayflower Brewing Co.&rsquos signature IPA.

Opal Hops

A dual purpose German hop bred at the Hull Hop Research Center, Opal has been on the market since 2004. Opal hops have a wide alpha acid range from about 8% up to 14%, and provide a well rounded bittering quality to any brew. You can also get notes of herbaceous hops, fruit and spice in the rich aroma. These characteristics combine seamlessly in IPAs, Belgian Ales, and Pilsners, to name a few. Though Opal hops are used in a variety of commercial brews, they can sometimes be hard to find for home brewers, so try substituting with Tettanger or East Kent Goldings. Taste the true flavor of Opal hops in craft brews like the German IPA from Dust Bowl Brewing Co.

Orbit Hops

Coming out of New Zealand&rsquos Hops With A Difference breeding program, Orbit hops are carefully selected for a unique aroma. With an alpha acid range between 4% and 6%, Orbit is sometimes used for bittering in Blondes or Hefeweizens. Expect a uniquely regional New Zealand aroma of herbs, grass, and floral that creates a signature flavor perfect for seasonal brews, as well. These hops can be difficult to find, and substitutions are just as difficult to come by, due to the nature in which Orbit is grown. In a pinch try another regional varietal like Pacifica.

Orion Hops

Germany bred Orion hops are most commonly used as a dual purpose brewing ingredient. Containing both substantial levels of alpha acids and a semi-traditional German hoppy aroma, Orion is a popular choice in Helles beers as well as Pilsners. The alpha acid range is usually between 8% to 9%, and is complimented by high levels of myrcene oils to bring out both bitterness and that hoppy flavor. Since Orion hops are generally difficult to find outside of Germany, you could substitute with more readily available Perle or Northern Brewer hops.

Outeniqua Hops

This unique South African bred varietal is mother to more popular Southern Star hops from the same region. Used primarily as a bittering agent, Outeniqua hops contain high alpha acid levels between 12% and 13.5%. Though not utilized for their aromatic properties, you will get a touch of hoppy, herbal aroma. Outeniqua hops are not widely seen outside of Africa, but you may be able to find Southern Star hops as a substitution.

Pacific Gem Hops

Pacific Gem is a triploid cross between Smoothcone, Late California Cluster, and Fuggle hops released in 1987. Used primarily for bittering due to its high alpha acid range of 13% to 16%, Pacific Gem is also known for the rich blackberry and hoppy aroma that comes out in the early stages of a boil. These bold characteristics make Pacific Gem a perfect fit in brew recipes for Strong Ales, Imperial Ales, and Porters. Other regional varietals such as Pacific Jade make a decent substitution for Pacific Gem hops, and Galena also works well.

Pacific Jade Hops

When Hort Research Center in New Zealand crossed a Saaz male hop with a New Zealand First Choice hop, the result was the 2004 release of Pacific Jade. Featuring a uniquely intense aroma of citrus, herbs and crushed black pepper, this aromatic hop has become increasingly popular. This makes Pacific Jade a great choice for aroma additions in Lagers, as well as Pale Ales. Though these hops do contain a high range of alpha acids from about 12% to 14%, but they are still considered primarily to be an aromatic hop. While not many hops provide a great substitution in lieu of Pacific Jade hops, Pacific Gem would work if you could find it.

Pacific Sunrise Hops

New Zealand varietal Pacific Sunrise has several roots from California Cluster to Fuggle for a unique bittering hop released by the Hort Research Center in 2000. With an alpha acid range of about 12.5% to 14.5%, Pacific Sunrise provides a powerful bittering agent while maintaining a pleasing flavor. High mycrene oil levels enhance the piney, herbaceous aroma in everything from lagers to red and brown ales. Local varietal Pacific Gem does offer a similar substitution for Pacific Sunrise when needed. If you&rsquore interested in tasting Pacific Sunrise, try to find a bottle of Dutch Brewery Orbaek&rsquos Pacific Sunrise Red IPA.

Pacifica Hops

Pacifica mixes German inspiration and New Zealand soil for a modern take on traditional hops. A product of Hallertau Mittelfruh, New Zealand Pacifica, or Pacific Hallertau, takes on its own set of aromatic characteristics due to the regional influence in the growing process. These hops are utilized for their bright aromatics of lime, citrus, and a subtle spice from high cohumulone levels. Pacifica also offers a wonderful balance between alpha and beta acids, with both ranging from about 7% to 9%. These hops can work great in many different ales, but really shine in lagers. Test out these versatile characteristics in your next Pilsner or Helles recipe. If you need to swap Pacifica pellet or whole hops for another varietal, try using Perle or parent Hallertau Mittelfruh. You can taste these hops in commercial brews like Sierra Nevada&rsquos Southern Hemisphere Harvest Ale.

Palisade Hops

Aromatic Palisade hops are a Washington cross between Tettnagner hops and open pollination. This varietal is most commonly utilized for its wonderful aromatics of grassy florals, apricot, and pine. Palisade also contains an alpha acid range of 5.5% to 9.5%, and can be utilized as a bittering hop, as well. These characteristics come together well in beer styles like English Bitters, Pale Ales, and IPAs. Though Palisade pellet and whole hops are generally available, you could also substitute with Willamette if needed. Taste this American hop in Lake Tahoe Brewery&rsquos Palisades Pilsner.

Perle Hops

Perle hops were originally bred from English Northern Brewer in 1978 at the Hull Hop Institute in Germany. This varietal has now been translated into an American grown variation, though it still retains the same name and general characteristics. With an alpha acid range of about 7% to 9.5%, Perle can provide a clean and effective bittering quality. You can also expect an aroma of spicy florals to come through if used in later hop additions. If you need to substitute Perle hops in your recipe, the best route is parent Northern Brewer. Get a taste of Perle hops in highly rated craft brew Black Perle Dark IPA from RJ Rockers Brewing Co.

Phoenix Hops

Often compared to Challenger hops, Phoenix was also bred by Wye College as a dual purpose brewing ingredient and released in 1996. Phoenix hops contain an alpha acid content between 8.5% and 13.5%, and are regarded as an excellent bittering option. A uniquely deep aroma of pine, chocolate and molasses makes Phoenix hops a great addition to Bitters, Stouts, and Porters. While Phoenix hops are generally available, you could also use Challenger, Northdown, or East Kent Golding if needed. To really get a taste of Phoenix hops, look for the winter release of Real Ale Brewing Company&rsquos Phoenixx Double ESB.

Pilgrim Hops

Bred from the same lineage as First Gold and Herald, this non-dwarf hop varietal was also released by the Wye Hop Research Institute in 2000. Offering fantastic bittering and aromatic characteristics, this dual purpose hop is clearly one of the most versatile out there. With an alpha acid content of 9% to 13%, Pilgrim provides an excellent base for Bitters and Pale Ales. An aroma of spice, cedar and honey compliments darker beer styles like Porters and Brown Ales. If in need of a substitute, try brewing with Pioneer or Target hops. Give Pilgrim a taste in New Holland Brewing Co.&rsquos Pilgrim Dole Ale.

Pilot Hops

This bittering hop was bred at Wye College in the U.K. and released in 2001. It differs from other English varietals in its distinct oil balance that provides a citrusy quality. Pilot hops have an alpha acid range of about 8% to 11%, and offer a sharp bitterness best utilized in beer styles like Bitters, IPAs, and APAs. Pilot also adds a crisp, clean lemon marmalade aroma with a hint of spice to any brew. While substitutions for Pilot hops do not yield the same result, other citrus bittering hops like Galena would work.

Pioneer Hops

A Wye College breed from the Wye Omega line, Pioneer hops are also a sister to Herald hops. Best known for its bold lemon and citrus notes while still offering that traditional English herbal aroma. The general alpha acid range for pioneer hops is 8% to 10%, and it makes an excellent addition to IPAs and Bitters. This clean bittering characteristic also works well in Pale and Seasonal Ales, as well. If you can&rsquot get your hands on this versatile British hop, try substituting with readily available East Kent Golding. Taste Pioneer hops in commercial brews like Fredricksburg Brewing Company&rsquos Pioneer Porter.

Polaris Hops

This German varietal is a 2012 product of the Hull Hop Institute best known for its incredibly high alpha status. Still in an experimental phase, Polaris has shown to be a dual purpose brewing ingredient, with aromas of spice, pine, and mint that rival its intense bittering power. With an alpha acid content ranging from about 18% to upwards of 22%, Polaris makes an excellent addition to Bitters, ESBs, Pale Ales, and IPAs. Due to its uniquely minty aroma and super high alpha acids, you can&rsquot really substitute Polaris hops and get the same result. Taste how this varietal works in craft brews like Polaris Pale Ale from Trillium Brewing Company.

Premiant Hops

Like most hops of Czech origin, Premiant comes from a lineage of popular Saaz hops and was first released in 1996. Utilized as a dual purpose hop, Premiant offers a pleasant, mild aroma of earthy floral and slight citrus notes to your brew of choice. It also contains an alpha acid range between about 7% and 10%, with a well rounded bitterness that is clean and not harsh. Try it in your next IPA, APA, or Belgian Ale recipe for a little kick. While most brewers have agreed there is no great substitute for Premiant, you could always fall back on parent Saaz hops if needed.

Pride of Ringwood Hops

Pride of Ringwood is a daughter of once popular Pride of Kent and has now overtaken its mother in the market. Commercially grown since the 1960s, this varietal is one of Australia&rsquos most well known and widely used. While Pride of Ringwood does have a distinctively bold, citrus aroma, it is primarily used for its clean bittering characteristics in regional brews like Australian Lagers, Pale Ales, and Fruit Lambic. This is due to the mid-alpha acid range from about 8.5% to 10.6% that works across many styles. The best substitutions for Pride of Ringwood hops are Galena, Cluster, and Centennial hops. Try the authentic taste of Pride of Ringwood hops in Cooper&rsquos Brewery Premium Lager.

Progress Hops

Intended as a replacement for popular British Fuggle hops, Progress was released from Wye College in 1964. Mild flavor paired with strong aroma and a moderate bittering quality have evolved this hop from just aromatics to a dual purpose ingredient. Progress imparts a wonderfully earthy, grassy, floral aroma to a wide variety of beer styles, including English Ales. Progress hops have an alpha acid content of 6% to 7.5%, and its moderate bittering agent pairs well with the mild flavor and earthy aroma. You could also try Progress in Belgian Ales, IPAs, and more. Progress hops can be difficult to find, so don&rsquot be afraid to sub-in East Kent Golding or Fuggle hops. Taste Progress in Macon Beer Company&rsquos Macon Progress APA.

Rakau Hops

This new hop released from the New Zealand Hop Breeding program serves as both an aromatic and bittering hop. With a fresh aroma of orchard fruits, apricot, and pine, Rakau adds a crisp flavor to brews like Australian Pale Ales and IPAs. Rakau contains an alpha acid range from about 10% to 12% and can be used as a bittering addition to almost any style beer. Since Rakau hops are not always in stock for domestic purchase, you could try to substitute with Amarillo or Summit hops. See how you like Rakau hops in Shaka Rakau from Ventura, California&rsquos Surf Brewery.

Riwaka Hops

Released by the Hort Research Center in 1997, this New Zealand varietal of Saaz parentage is primarily used as an aroma hop. Balanced acids and a high oil content make Riwaka hops unique and offer a striking grapefruit and citrus character. An alpha acid range of about 4.5% to 6.5%, paired with a beta acid range of 4% to 5% keeps bittering useage minimal but balanced. Commonly used as a late addition in a brew, this popular hop is common in regional Pale Ales, Pilsners, and IPAs. Parent Czech Saaz hops are always a good substitution in lieu of Riwaka hops. Taste Riwaka hops in Hill Farmstead Brewery&rsquos Riwaka Pale Ale.

Saaz Hops

One of the Noble hops that orginated near the town of Saaz in the Czech Republic and is now grown around the world. Whether American, Australian, or European in origin, the Saaz hop is one of the most popular and replicated varietals in the world. Saaz was originally used as an aromatic hop famous for European lagers. It has been found that in popular styles like Belgian Ales, Light Lagers and Pilsners, Saaz can be used for its soft bittering quality as well. Has an alpha acid range of about 3% to 5%. Prized for its classic herbal, earthy, and spicy aroma. Try Czech Saaz in commercial brews like Lost Coast Brewery&rsquos Winterbraun Brown Ale.

Sabro Hops / Ron Mexico

Sabro previously called Ron Mexico Hops or HBC 438 was developed by the Hop Breeding Company and officialy released under it's current name in 2018 . Sabro is a great aroma hop bursting with fruity and citrus flavors. The aromas can be described as tangerine, coconut, tropical fruit, and stone fruit, with slight hints of cedar and cream. Sabro was developed by cross pollination of a female neomexicanus hops. This hop works great in NEIPA's and hazy beers but can be used in many styles to bring a unique hop aroma and flavor.

Santiam Hops

Santiam hops are a cross between German Tettnanger and Hallertau Mittelfruh hops released by the USDA in 1997. Taking the traditional European characteristics from its German parents, Santiam is typically used as an aroma hop with a strong fragrance of spicy black pepper, herbs, and floral. Santiam makes a perfect addition to Belgian Ales, Pilsners, Bocks, and Munich Helles. Santiam hops to contain an alpha acid content between 4.8% and 8.4%. Santiam hops can be swapped out for other German varietals like Spault and Tettnanger if needed.

Saphir Hops

Sometimes called Saphire, Sapphire, or Hallertau Saphir, this newer German hop is a 2002 release from the Hull Hop Institute. With one of the lowest alpha acid contents in the world, Saphir is always used as an aroma hop. Expect a citrus bouquet of sweet tangerine and a hint of spice. The low alpha acid range of just 2% to barely 5% minimizes its use as a bittering addition. These characteristics make Saphir a good match for beer styles like Belgian Ales, Wheats, and Witbiers. The best substitution for Saphir hops is other German varietal Hallertau Mittelfruh hops.

Satus Hops

A trademarked varietal of Yakima Chief Ranches in Washington State, this new American hop is making waves in craft and home brewing. Though the true lineage of Satus is not known, it has a high alpha bittering character and hoppy aroma often compared to Galena. With an alpha acid range of 12.5% to 14.5%, Satus will provide a crisp bittering quality to brews like IPAs, Pale Ales, Stouts, and Bitters. If needed, Satus could be switched-out for similar Galena or Nugget hops. The best way to try Satus is in famed Northern California craft brewery Russian River&rsquos Hop 2 It.

Select Hops

This German cross breed of Hallertau Mittelfruh and Spault was released from the Hull Hop Institute in 1991. German Select hops have low acidic levels and an incredibly fragrant floral and fruity aroma that perfectly compliments all types of Lagers. The alpha acid range of just 3% to 6.5% keeps bittering light and minimal so you can really taste the traditional German flavors imparted on your brew. Other regional varietals like Saaz and Tettnanger make reasonable substitutions for German Select hops .

Serebrianka Hops

Also referred to as Silver hops, this old world Russian varietal is parent to globally popular Cascade hops. Though not grown viably in the States, Serebrianka is still used and available for home brewers. A very low alpha acid composition of about 3% to 5% makes Serebrinaka an ideal aromatic hop. Its uniquely mellow and earthy aroma of tobacco, black tea, and herbs bring a wonderful quality to Dark Ales, Stouts, and Porters. If you can&rsquot find Serebrianka for your home brew, you could substitute with another low alpha, earthy varietal like Czech Premiant.

Simcoe Hops

From Yakima Chief Ranches in Washington comes another home-brewer favorite, the Simcoe hop. While its parentage is unknown, Simcoe is often compared to Cascade for its light aroma and dual purpose uses in brewing. An alpha acid range from 12% to 14% combined with a rich aroma of earthy pine and citrus makes Simcoe a well-rounded addition to just about any style of beer. Try these hops in your next Pale Ale, IPA, Saison, Wheat, or Bitter recipe. Since Simcoe is so popular in the craft and home brewing community, its usually easy to find both whole and pellet hops. If you are looking for a substitute, try Summit, Citra, or Mosaic instead. Get a taste of Simcoe in commercial brews like Row 2 Hill 56 from Russian River Brewing Company.

Sladek Hops

Appropriately derived from the Czech word meaning &ldquobeer brewer&rdquo Sladek hops come from a parentage of Northern Brewer and Saaz. Typically used for the lush earthy, spicy, and citrus bouquet they add to a brew, Sladek hops have a distinctive Czech style that works well in everything from Belgian Ales to Lagers. Sladek hops have an alpha acid range of 5% to 9%, and can offer a balanced bittering quality that completes this hop&rsquos well-rounded character. Other regional varietals like Czech Saaz can substitute for Sladek in a pinch. Taste Sladek in commercial brews like Victory Brewing Co.&rsquos Baumeister Pilsner.

Smaragd Hops

Formerly known as Emerald or German Emerald, this interesting varietal is daughter of Hallertau Gold. With a high bittering value and pleasing aromatic bouquet, Smaragd hops are utilized as a dual purpose brewing ingredient. A predominantly fruity aroma with lush floral notes balances makes a pleasing addition to Pilsner, Belgian, and Pale Ale recipes. Though substitutions won&rsquot provide the same balance of bitterness and aroma, you could always work with parent Hallertau Gold. See if you can get your hands on a bottle of Smaragd Pilsner from Germany&rsquos Pax Brau Brewery to taste these unique hops.

Sonnet Hops

Also known as Sonnet Golding hops, this is a brand new American varietal grown in Oregon. Though its parentage is unknown, Sonnet is supposedly bred from a U.S. Saaz variant with Golding characteristics. With an alpha acid content of about 3% to 6%, this hop is not usually used for bittering, but instead for its aromatic qualities best described as a luxurious floral bouquet. This rich floral aroma is a perfect ingredient in styles like Pale and Honey Ales, Wheats, and Belgian Ales. Possible substitutions for Sonnet hops include Saaz, East Kent Golding, and Crystal.

Sorachi Ace Hops

This Japanese hop was created from a mix of Brewer&rsquos Gold, a Saazer parent, and Beiki male by Sapporo Brewers. Released in 1984, this hop is a cornerstone of the world famous Sapporo Lager. With an alpha acid range of about 10% to 16%, this high alpha is predominantly used for its sharp bittering agent. Sorachi Ace also adds a uniquely fresh aroma of lemon, citrus, dill and cilantro to everything from IPAs and Pale Ales to Lagers. Sorachi Ace pellet or whole hops compliment Citra and Simcoe, and could be substituted with those varietals. If you&rsquore looking for a taste of Sorachi Ace, just head to your nearest sushi bar and grab a bottle of Sapporo!

Southern Brewer Hops

This South African varietal is a cross between Fuggle and open pollination released by The African Breweries Hops Farms Ltd. in 1972. Southern Brewer is widely used in regional beers, and has become parent to popular Southern Promise hops. With an alpha acid content from about 5.5% to 12%, Southern Brewer is most commonly used as a bittering agent, as it does not have distinguishable aromatic or flavoring properties. This hop would work great in IPAs, Pale Ales, and Lagers. Southern Brewer hops can sometimes be difficult to find, but daughter Southern Promise is a more widely available substitute.

Southern Cross Hops

Released by New Zealand&rsquos Hort Hop Research program in 1994, Southern Cross is a hybrid of old Smoothcone with Cali and English Fuggle hops. The result is a fantastic dual purpose hop, that has become popular amongst commercial and craft brewers alike. With an alpha acid range of about 11% to 14%, Southern Cross provides the perfect bittering agent in beers like IPAs, Pales, and Lagers. You can also expect a noticeable aroma of lemony citrus, spice, and pine that compliments most any recipe. This balanced hop is said to have no true substitutions, though you could go with something like Simcoe hops. For the best taste of Southern Cross hops, look for regional Kaimai Brewing Company&rsquos Southern Cross Pale Ale.

Southern Promise Hops

Daughter to Southern Brewer hops and a wild Slovenian male, this varietal has brought attention and increasing popularity to South African grown hops. A high alpha acid range from 9.5% to 11.5% and low cohumulone levels give Southern Promise a clean, pleasing bittering quality. Southern Promise also offers a very hoppy aroma mixed with earthy and woodsy notes. Though Southern Promise hops are generally available, the best substitute would be parent Southern Brewer.

Southern Star Hops

Released in 2001 from The African Breweries Hops Farms Ltd. Southern Star is a cross between Outeniqua hops and a South African male. With an alpha acid range from about 12% to 14%, Southern Star is one of the highest alpha hops to come from the region. While it is primarily used as a bittering agent in IPAs and Double IPAs, high oil levels also lend a tangy, spicy aroma to the brew. Parent Outeniqua hops provide the best substitute if you happen to need one.

Sovereign Hops

Sovereign is a well-rounded English hop released by Wye College in 2006 as a granddaughter of Pioneer hops and product of open pollination. Utilized both for bittering and aromatic characteristics, Sovereign hops offer a balanced ingredient to any brew. Sovereign has an alpha acid range of 4.5% to 6.5%, and can provide a pleasant bitterness sometimes associated with green tea. In terms of aromatics you can expect an intensely fruity flavor with mild floral, grassy and herbal notes. Try Sovereign hops in Pale Ales, American Lagers, or even English Bitters. Though some suggest Fuggle hops as a substitution for Sovereign hops, Pioneer should work, as well. For a true taste of Sovereign hops, order a case of Sovereign Golden Ale.

Spault Hops

Called everything from Spaulter to German Spault, Spaulter Spault, and even Spault Spault, its no secret these hops hail from the German city of the same name. Spault hops are a naturally occurring varietal used primarily for their wide range of aromatics. With an alpha acid content between 2.5% and 5.5% and similar beta acidic content, this hop is rarely used as a bittering addition. What you will get is the lush fragrance of floral, fruity, and spicy notes often used in Pilsners and German style Lagers. Spault is also a great option for dry hopping, and brings out a wonderful hoppy flavor. Possible substitutions for German Spault hops include Saaz, Daughter Spaulter Select, or Tettnanger. Taste the distinctly German flavor of Spault hops in domestic craft brews like Ballast Point&rsquos Yellowtail Pale Ale.

Spaulter Select Hops

Bred from a cross of German Spault and Hallertau Mittelfruh hops by the Hull Hop Institute , Spaulter Select hops present similar characteristics to that of both parent varietals. Used primarily as an aroma hop, Spaulter Select retains most of the floral, hoppy, and fruity aroma from Spault, but with an extra kick of spice. With an alpha acid range of 3.5% to 5.5%, Spalter Select is generally not used as a bittering hop. Spaulter Select does work in a variety of beer styles, but is naturally best suited to German Lagers, Ales, Pilsners, and Kolshes. Czech Saaz hops, Tettagner, and parent Spault offer suitable replacements for Spaulter Select if needed.

Sterling Hops

This blended varietal is half Saaz parentage with some Cascade, Brewer&rsquos Gold, and Early Green hops thrown in. The result is a unique, dual purpose hop with wonderful aromatics and smooth bittering qualities. Sterling will generally have an alpha acid content between 4.5% and 9%. The aroma presented is a combination of mild spice, citrus, and a floral bouquet that adds a nice touch to numerous beer styles. Possible substitutions for Sterling hops include Saaz and Mt. Hood. Give this unique hop a taste test in craft brews like Bombshell Blonde from Southern Star Brewery.

Strata Hops

Strata, formerly called X-331, was developed by Indie Hops&rsquo in 2009. Strata is a descendant of Perle hops that was open pollinated in an Oregon State experimental hop yard. An IPA/Session-IPA/Pale Ale (and believe it or don&rsquot, lager hop) with many layers of different fruit flavor, dried and fresh, anchored with a dried chili-cannabis-funk that does not have any diesel, machine oil, or catty &lsquobaggage&rsquo. Late hot side additions bring out layers of rounded-tropical plus bright-fresh fruit flavors dry hopping yields more grapefruit and cannabis.

Strickelbract Hops

A product of the DSIR Research Station in New Zealand, Strickelbract hops are a cross between First Choice and open pollination and were released in 1972. Featuring both a high alpha range and robust aroma, Strickelbract is a true dual purpose brewing hop. The average alpha acid content ranges between 13% and 14.2%. This varietal works well in Bitters and ESBs. Expect a fresh piney, citrus aroma that lends itself well to other beer styles like Pales and Pilsners as well. The best substitution in lieu of Strickelbract hops would be German Northern Brewer.

Strisselspault Hops

One of the few varietals from France, Strisselspault hops are naturally occurring in the Stasbourg region. Strisselspault contains low and balanced levels of both alpha and beta acids in the 3% to 5% range, and is generally only used for its aromatic characteristics. The combination of spicy herbs, floral, and lemon fruit notes makes Strisselspault a perfect fit for Saisons, Maibocks, and Belgian Ales. Similar varietals Mt. Hood, Crystal, and Hersbrucker can be used in your brew in place of Strisselspault, since it is not generally easy to find.

Styrian Gold Hops

Not to be confused with Styrian Golding hops, this Slovenian varietal is the product of crossing Styrian Golding with a wild native male. With an alpha acid range of about 3.5% to 6.5% and beta acids to match, Styrian Gold works well in Pilsners, ESBs, and Lagers. You can also expect an aroma of floral, herbs, and light spice, making it a good dual-purpose hop for your brew. The closest hop to substitute would be parent Styrian Golding hops.

Styrian Golding Hops

A selection of Fuggles, Styrian Golding or Savinjski Golding hops, are a traditional Slovenian favorite. With a classic aroma of mild spice, floral, and herbs, Styrian Golding perfectly compliments Belgian Ales, Lagers, and even ESBs. An alpha acid range of about 1.4% to 6% lets a soft aroma be the main characteristic imparted in the brew. Since Fuggles is so closely related to Styrian Golding hops , the two are practically interchangeable in any brew recipe, though you could also substitute with Willamette. Taste Styrian Golding in English Ramsbury Brewery&rsquos Kennet Valley Pale Ale.

Summer Hops

Bred from an open pollination of Czech Saaz at Tasmanian Bushy Park Breeding Garden in Australia, Summer hops were released in 1997. Known best for their fruity aroma of melon, apricot and a hint of citrus, this aroma hop imparts its unique flavor on beer styles like American Ales, IPAs, and Wheats. Summer hops will normally have an alpha acid range of about 5.6% to 6.4%. Summer hops are commonly used in the dry hopping process to really bring out those stone fruit and melon characteristics. The best way to substitute for Summer hops would likely be a combination of Belma and Palisade hops to keep that stone fruit profile. For a taste of Summer, try to pick up a Single Hop Summer IPA from Australia&rsquos Bridge Road Brewers.

Summit Hops

This USDA bred hop is a cross of multiple pollinations between several hops, but most notably Zeus and Nugget. Released from the American Hops Dwarf Association in Washington in 2003, this Super Alpha varietal is ideal as a bittering addition in almost any brew. With an alpha acid range of 16% to 19%, Summit hops are most widely used for their bittering characteristics, but also contain a wonderful citrus bouquet of pink grapefruit, tangerine, and orange. This makes Summit a perfect ingredient in IPAs, Double IPAs, and Pale Ales. If you wanted to substitute Summit pellet or whole hops in your brew recipe, try Cascade or Amarillo. Taste Summit in Rockslide IPA from Fifty Fifty Brewing Co.

Super Galena Hops

Super Galena hops were created by the Hopsteiner Breeding Program and released in 2006. While Super Galena is comparable to Galena hops, it contains even higher levels of alpha and beta acids, and grows much easier across the U.S. Primarily used for bittering characteristics, Super Galena also has a mild citrus and hoppy aroma that brightens-up any brew. With an alpha acid range between 12% and 16%, Super Galena is an effective bittering agent in IPAs, English and American Ales. Galena as well as Chinook and Cluster can serve as replacements for Super Galena in a pinch. Taste Super Galena in the Super Galena Single Hop Series IPA from Denmark&rsquos Mikkeller Brewery.

Super Pride Hops

A descendent of Yeoman and the offspring of Pride of Ringwood, Super Pride hops were released by Hop Products Australia in 1987. Super Pride&rsquos double dose of alpha acids and high yield make it a widely used bittering hop. Though the alpha acid content of 13.5% to 15% is the primary characteristic imparted to your brew, you also get a touch of the resinous, citrus aroma from this hop. Heavy bittering and a light aroma make Super Pride a great addition to IPAs, Pale Ales, and Imperial Stouts or Porters. Parent Pride of Ringwood hops are the best way to go if you need a substitution for Super Pride.

Sussex Hops

This English varietal is suspected to be a result of the open pollination of a wild East Sussex hop and was discovered in 2005. With a fruit forward flavor and soft aroma, Sussex hops are somewhat similar to Fuggles but with a unique oil makeup. The alpha acid content is relatively low, ranging from about 4.3% to 5.8%. These hops are not normally used for bittering, but instead, its the citrusy, delicate aroma and intense tropical flavor that they&rsquore known for. A perfect addition to English Ales, Pales, and Belgian Ales, Sussex won 3rd place in the 2012 British Hop Competition. Due to the unique nature of Sussex hops, the best substitute would be Fuggles. Get a taste for Sussex in Sussex Wild Hop Blonde from Harveys Sussex Brewers.

Sybilla Hops

Sybilla hops are a Polish varietal bred from a cross between a Lublin mother and wild Yugoslovian hop, released in 1996. This versatile dual purpose hop provides both a pleasant aroma and bittering characteristic to your favorite brew recipe. The alpha acids range from about 6% to 8%, and provide a smooth bitterness that works perfectly in Pale Ales, Barley Wine, and Stouts. You can expect a fairly traditional European aroma of earthiness, spice, and hops that also works well when dry-hopped. Several options provide a suitable replacement for Sybilla hops, including parent Lublin, Northern Brewer, and Perle.

Sylva Hops

A result of the open pollination of Czech Saaz hops, Sylva hops were released by Hop Products Australia in 1997. Sylva is known best for a complex aroma of herbs, floral, and subtle earthy notes. Sylva hops will generally have an alpha acid range of 5.6% to 7.3%, and is a great aroma hop in Pale Ales, some Lagers, and California Commons. To substitute for Sylva hops in your brew recipe, the best route is to go with parent Czech Saaz hops.

Tahoma Hops

Recently released by Washington State University in 2013, Tahoma hops are daughter to Glacier hops. Primarily utilized for its aromatic properties of cedar, pine, pepper, and citrus, this hop is quickly gaining popularity. Containing an alpha acid range of 7.2% to 8.2%, bittering is minimal and lets the Pacific Northwest inspired aroma shine through. Try Tahoma in your next recipe for an IPA or American Pale Ale. The easiest way to provide a substitute for Tahoma hops would be with parent Glacier.

Tardif de Burgogne Hops

This natural French varietal from the Alsace region was first brought to the USDA in 1977. Today it is particularly hard to find, but still used globally in European style brews. With a relatively low alpha acid content of 3.1% to 5.5%, Tardif de Burgogne is primarily utilized for its mild aroma of earthy florals. These hops add a lovely touch to English and Belgian Ales, as well as some Lagers. Due to Tardif de Burgogne&rsquos soft aroma and flavor, finding a substitution is not easy, but something like Sonnet hops should be easier to track down.

Target Hops

Target hops are a second generation selection from Northern Brewer and Eastwell Goldings released from Wye College in 1972. With a fairly high alpha acid content and intense aroma, Target hops are a true dual purpose brewing hop. As an aromatic addition, expect an intense bouquet of sage, floral, spice and citrus that enhances English style Ales and Lagers. Target can also be used for bittering, and generally has an alpha acid range of 8% to 13%. Both British Fuggles and Willamette hops offer a reasonable substitute for UK Target pellet or whole hops. Try the authentic taste of Target hops in Wye Valley Bitter from Wye Valley Brewery.

Taurus Hops

Also known as German Taurus hops, this dual purpose brewing ingredient is a product of the Hull Hop Institute. With a high alpha hop with a range of 12% to 17%, Taurus hops are most commonly used in German and Belgian Style Ales. Expect a uniquely zesty aroma of earthy spice with a touch of banana, pepper, and a hint of curry. Another unique aspect of Taurus hops are their high xanthohumol content, which is said to provide a vitamin-like kick. The best substitutes for Taurus hops are Hallertauer Magnum or Tradition. Taste Taurus hops in world famous Oktoberfest Marzen from Paulaner&rsquos Brewery.

Teamaker Hops

This unique varietal is not only used in making beer, but also in teas, food, and medicine for its strong antibiotic properties. Developed in Oregon State University&rsquos USDA laboratory, Teamaker hops are one of the strongest aroma hops out there. With an alpha acid content lower than just about any hop, from only 0.6% to 1.8%, Teamaker has no real bittering potential. What it does have is an earthy, grassy aroma with a touch of floral that comes out in full force in Pale Ale, Blonde, and Light Ale recipes. The best replacement for Teamaker hops is said to be Crystal hops.

Tettnanger Hops

Sometimes referred to as Tettnang, Schwetzinger, or Deutscher Frühopfen, Tettnanger hops are a natural land race originating in the Tettnang region of Germany. A traditional noble hop, Tettnanger has been crossed with Fuggles and re-grown in a variety of regions around the world including the U.S., Australia, and Switzerland. While these Tettnanger hops go by the same name and offer the same applications in brewing, you will get a slightly different aroma and higher bittering potential due to the cross with Fuggles. With German Tettnanger hops, expect that spicy aroma with hints of floral, earthy goodness. Tettnanger has a slightly lower alpha acid range of about 3% to 6% and makes for a perfect addition to German Ales, Lagers, and Wheat Beers. Santiam hops, Spault, and Fuggles are good substitutes for Tettnanger hops if needed.

Tillicum Hops

Developed by the Haas Breeding Program in Washington&rsquos Yakima Valley, Tillicum hops are the daughter of Galena hops and sibling to Chelan hops. Released in 1995, this proprietary hop is normally used as a bittering addition in brews due to its high alpha acid range of 13.5% to 15.5%. Hints of citrus and a sharp bitterness are the only aromatic or flavoring characteristics, and are mild at best. If you need to replace Tillicum hops in your brew recipe, the best substitutions are Chelan and Galena.

Topaz Hops

This hybrid was created by Hop Products Australia in 1985 to be primarily used as a bittering hop. At the turn of the millenium, however, craft brewers sought Topaz hops for their wonderfully unique aroma of grassy, resinous spice and a tropical note when dry-hopped. With an alpha acid range of 13.7% to 17.7%, the bittering quotient is high and smooth, making Topaz a perfect addition to all IPAs as well as Pale Ales and Dark Ales. Topaz hops are said to be similar to Summit and Apollo hops in their brewing application, so those varietals would make a good substitute if needed. Give Australian Topaz hops a try in commercial brews like Samuel Adams&rsquos Tasman Red IPA.

Tradition Hops

Also known as Hallertauer, German Tradition, or Traditional, these hops were bred from a cross of Hallertauer Mittelfruh, Gold, and Saaz at the Hull Hop Institute and registered in 1993. Used primarily as an aromatic hop in brews, Tradition also imparts a crisp bite of flavor from its unique lineage. Tradition hops generally have an alpha acid range of about 5% to 7%, and can offer a pleasing balance of bitterness and crisp floral, herbal aromas in brews like German Ales, Pilsners, and Hefeweizens. Parent Hallertauer Mittelfruh has the most similar characteristics to German Tradition hops , and is therefore the best substitution. Taste German Tradition hops in commercial brews like Victory Brewing Co.&rsquos Braumiester Pilsner.

Triple Pearl Hops

One of the newest hops out of Washington&rsquos Yakima Valley, Triple Pearl hops are the product of an open pollination between Pearle and an unknown male with lineage from Northern Brewer and Hallertau. This combination presents the opportunity for a dual purpose brewing ingredient, though it has predominantly been used for aromatic characteristics in early testing. With an alpha acid range of 10.3% to 11.2%, Triple Pearl will offer a smooth, mild bittering agent to brews like IPAs and Pales. What really comes through is a balanced aroma of melon, citrus, resin, and peppery spice that also pairs well with Wheats. Since Triple Pearl is so new to the market and can be hard to find, Pearle is the closest substitution.

Triskel Hops

A cross between Strisselspault and English Yeoman, the Triskel hop was the second cultivar of the French Varietal Breeding Program, and was developed in 2006. French Triskel is primarily used as an aroma hop, though it does contain an alpha acid range of 8% to 9%, making it rather ideal for Belgian Style Ales. Triskel also imparts a strong aroma of fruit, citrus, and floral into a brew and also works well in IPAs and some Lagers. Ahtanum, Chinook, and Centennial hops make suitable replacements for Triskel hops if you can&rsquot find them for your next Belgian Ale brew.

Ultra Hops

This American hop is a seedling of Hallertau Mittelfruh and half sister to Mt. Hood, Liberty, and Crystal hops, exhibiting similar characteristics to these varietals. Released in 1995, Ultra hops are primarily grown in the U.S. due to their low yield. Most widely used as an aromatic addition to brews, Ultra gets its mild aroma of spice and floral from its German lineage. With an alpha acid range from about 2% to 5%, Ultra is not normally used as a bittering addition. Tettnanger and Hallertau Tradition make suitable replacements for Ultra when needed.

Universal Hops

With unknown lineage and Czech origins, Universal hops have been produced only in the U.S. since about 1988. As a dual purpose brewing ingredient, Universal hops have become popular in the craft brewing world since the mid 1990s. The relatively low alpha acid range from about 5% to 6% provides a mild bitterness that is easily balanced by an aroma of earthiness, spice, and floral. These versatile characteristics make Universal a good fit in many beer styles, including Pale Ales, Pilsners, Wheats, and Specialty brews. Since Universal hops share similar characteristics with Hallertauer Mittelfruh hops, they would serve as the best substitution when needed.

Vanguard Hops

Vanguard hops are a USDA cross with Hallertauer lineage released for cultivation in 1997. Vanguard is an ideal addition in any Belgian Ale. Expect an aroma similar to Hallertauer Mittelfruh with notes of spice, florals and a touch of woodsy flavor. If you&rsquore looking for a substitute for Vanguard pellet or whole hops in your next Lager, Wheat, or Belgian Ale, Hallertauer Mittelfruh works well, but you could also try Liberty or Mt. Hood. See if you can find Dogfish Head Brewery&rsquos Steampunk Porter on tap to get a taste of Vanguard hops.

Victoria Hops

While its true lineage is unknown, we do know that Australian Victoria hops are only sister to Galaxy hops. Sometimes referred to as Vic Secret, these hops enjoyed their first commercial harvest in 2013. With an alpha acid range from about 11.5% to 17%, this high alpha works wonderfully as a bittering agent in a variety of brews. Victoria also adds a tropical aroma of passion fruit, pineapple, and contrasting herbal and pine notes. These characteristics provide the perfect blend for brews like Pale Ales, IPAs, Stouts, and Porters. Sister Galaxy hops are the best possible replacement for Victoria hops when necessary.

Vic Secret Hops

A great flavor and aroma hop known for it's tropical characters of pineapple and passionfruit. Vic Secret has high alpha acids at 14-17% but is mostly used in the whirlpool and for dry hop additions. It imparts a more earthy character when used in the boil.

Viking Hops

This varietal is a relatively newer release from Wye College. Used primarily for its aromatic properties, this &ldquosuper aroma hop&rdquo imparts an intensely herbal, spicy, and floral flavor into any beer style. An alpha acid range from 8% to 10% offers a balanced bittering to the strong aroma that comes out well in Brown Ales, English Ales, and Lagers. Though difficult to replicate a similarly intense aroma, you could substitute Viking hops with UK Target or Pilgrim hops if needed.

Vital Hops

A 2008 product of the Zatec Breeding Program, this Czech hop has been proven as an effective dual purpose brewing ingredient. With an alpha acid content between 14% and 17%, Vital hops present a strong bittering quality with a smooth finish. The spicy, earthy, and fresh hop aroma balances the bittering agent for a great addition in Pale Ales, Belgians, and IPAs, and stands alone in single-hopped Ales. If you can&rsquot get your hands on Vital hops, other Czech varietals like Saaz or Styrian Gold are suitable replacements.

Vojvodina Hops

This Yugoslavian varietal is a cross between Northern Brewer and Goldings that has taken time to catch on in the commercial brewing world due to its almost unpronounceable name. Vojvodina contains a similar aromatic quality to that of its Northern Brewer parent, with a more smooth, less crisp finish. An alpha acid range from about 8% to 10% offers a balanced bittering agent that compliments Vojvodina&rsquos aroma of woodsy spice, cedar, and tobacco. The best possible substitutions for Vojvodina hops are parents Northern Brewer and Goldings.

Wai-iti Hops

A more recent addition to New Zealand varietals, Wai-iti hops were released alongside Kohatu hops. With a lower alpha acid range from about 3% to 3.5%, aromatic properties are the prime purpose of these hops in a brew. Expect an incredibly fragrant bouquet of lemon, lime, and mandarin citrus notes that make a beautiful addition to Spring and Summer Ales. The best possible substitution for New Zealand Wai-iti hops is another New Zealand varietal, Riwaka. Taste this fruity hop in craft brews like highly rated Sculpin IPA from Ballast Point.

Waimea Hops

Granddaughter to Pacific Jade hops, this New Zealand varietal was released in 2012. As a dual purpose brewing ingredient, Waimea hops provide both bittering and aromatic influence on a wide variety of beer styles. With an alpha acid range of 16% to 19%, this super alpha gets its balanced flavor from a bright, fresh aroma of tangelo, citrus, and a touch of woodsy pine. A great hop to use in Pale Ales and IPAs, as well as hoppy Lagers. For a substitution, try other New Zealand varietal Pacific Jade hops.

Wakatu Hops

Released from Hort&rsquos Hop Research Center in 1988, Wakatu hops are bred from Hallertauer Mittelfruh. Wakatu is best known for its substantially balanced characteristics and dual purpose brewing applications. With an alpha acid content of about 6.5% to 8.5%, and a beta acid content to match, Wakatu creates a smooth, balanced bitterness in styles like Pilsners and Bocks. A floral aroma with citrus and lime notes adds a fresh flavor that balances bitterness and works well in Pale Ales as well. Though parent Hallertauer Mittelfruh has spicier notes, it serves as a decent replacement in lieu of New Zealand Wakatu hops .

Warrior Hops

Though its true lineage is kept under wraps by Yakima Chief Ranches in Washington, Warrior hops exhibit similar characteristics to Nugget and Columbus hops. This makes Warrior a high alpha bittering hop, with mild aromatic notes of resin, citrus, and herbs. An alpha acid content between 15% and 17% provides the perfect bittering agent in brews like IPAs, Pales, and Bitters. Options like Columbus or Nugget hops are a good substitution for Warrior hops if needed. Taste Warrior hops in highly rated craft brews like Dogfish Head&rsquos 60 Minute IPA.

Whitbread Goldings Hops

Also referred to as WGV, Whitbread Goldings are a traditional English varietal first selected as a seedling in 1911. With an aroma of earthy, botanical and floral notes, Whitbread Goldings are most commonly used to add aroma and flavor to English Ales. The alpha acid content ranges between 5% to 7.5%, though this hop is not normally used for bittering. East Kent Goldings and UK Progress offer suitable substitutions for Whitbread Goldings hops when needed.

Willamette Hops

A triploid seedling of the English Fuggle variety, Willamette is the most widely grown hop in the U.S., originally released from the USDA Breeding Program in 1976. Somewhere between English and American, the aroma of Willamette hops is its main application in brewing. Slightly spicy with floral and fruity notes, Willamette can be utilized in just about any beer style, but is commonly used in English Ales, Golden Ales, and Brown Ales. Willamette pairs rather well with numerous other hop varietals, often times bringing out and complementing their aromas. Both Fuggles and Tettnanger are good replacements if you can&rsquot seem to find Willamette pellet or whole hops . Try Buffalo Gold Pale Ale or St. James Irish Red Ale from Colorado&rsquos Walnut Brewery for a taste of Willamette hops.

Yakima Cluster Hops

Daughter of Late Cluster and Pacific Coast Cluster hops, Yakima Cluster shares most of its characteristics with Cluster hops, and is sometimes sold under that name. Brother Yakima Cluster L is thought to have descended from a Native American hop, but shares the same traits. The influence of growing in lush Washington soil lends an earthy aroma to the hops. Yakima Cluster hops are commonly used for bittering, despite having a relatively low alpha acid range of about 4.4% to 8%. This being said, they can also be used as an aroma addition in brews where an earthy aroma is desired. The best substitution for either Yakima Cluster is Cluster or Chinook hops.

Yakima Gold Hops

A descendent of Early Cluster and a Slovenian male, Yakima Gold was just released by Washington State University in 2013. With a pleasant, Saaz like aroma of spice and floral and an alpha acid content of 8.8% to 10.5%, Yakima Gold is utilized as a dual purpose hop. This traditional aroma and smooth bitterness compliment beer styles like dark Ales, IPAs, and even some Lagers. If in need of a substitution for Yakima Gold hops, try Early Cluster or Saaz hops. Give Yakima a taste in craft brews like Victory Brewing Co.&rsquos Yakima Glory Dark IPA.

Zappa Hops

This hop is named after Rock & Roll Hall of Famer, Frank Zappa. This neo mexicanus breed was first found in the mountains of New Mexico and then later developed by CLS farms. Similar to the music Frank created these hops are wild, free and tough to nail down with any singular description. The aromas can be described as passionfruit, mint, fruity pebbles and even savory. A great hop to use for aroma in the whirlpool and dry hopping. Highley recommeded for fruit-forward styles like hazy or milkshake IPAs, as well as fruited sours, pale ales, and wold or mixed-fermentation beers.

Zenith Hops

Though little is known about its heritage, Zenith hops were bred from a seedling selection cross at Wye College in the 1970s. With an alpha acid range from 9% to 11% and no notable aroma, Zenith is utilized primarily as a bittering hop. These characteristics work well in beer styles like Pale Ales, IPAs, and ESBs. If you&rsquore looking for a substitution for Zenith hops, try Northern Brewer or Target hops.

Zythos Hops

This experimental hop blend is most commonly used as an amazing aroma hop, although it can be considered a dual-purpose hop. With an alpha acid range from 10% to 12.5%, Zythos offers a smooth bittering agent when used in this manner. When used for its aromatic qualities, expect lots of fruity citrus and tropical notes like pineapple, with hints of pine and spice thrown in. This makes Zythos a perfect choice for IPAs and Pales, but really any hop-forward brew. Zythos pellet hops can be hard to find, and you would really have to use a combination of hops like Citra and Amarillo or Simcoe to get a similar effect.

Blue Blazer

This is a traditional corner pub that retains its original features – not just that lovely inlaid mosaic insignia by the door but, more crucially, a lively, free-flowing banter between staff and drinkers at the bar – while embracing the latest innovations in beer. You will find William Bros. Joker IPA and Black Isle’s organic lager on keg and bottles of Brooklyn lager in the fridge, but the centre of the action is seven cask pumps serving beer from such outfits as Sonnet 43, Pilot, Alechemy, Harviestoun, Arbor and Cromarty. Two of those taps are so-called “Scottish tall” or Aitken fonts, historic beer taps, which advocates will tell you dispense a superlative pint. Certainly, Cairngorm’s Trade Winds, despite its boring, old-fashioned pump-clip, was alive with the advertised, “citrus, wheat, elderflower” flavours. It was a timely lesson that, even in this brave new craft beer world, there is still some fantastic beer hidden away behind fusty, traditional packaging.
Pint from £3.50. 2 Spittal Street, 0131-229 5030,

2. Miller Park, Milwaukee

Home Team: Milwaukee Brewers

Milwaukee is another beer city (they even have a baseball team named for brewers!) stuck with a ballpark named after less-than-stellar beer. But Milwaukee’s baseball fans are sipping better beer than you might think. Local breweries are represented all around this ballpark, and those breweries include Lakefront Brewery, Milwaukee Brewing Company, Sprecher Brewery, and Horny Goat Brewing Company. But probably the most popular local brewery found at Miller Park is New Glarus, a brewery with a cult following both regionally and across the country.

8. Heavy Seas Beer

Heavy Seas Beer aims to sail to new horizons in brewing, guided by the traditional winds, and driven by adventure. Established near Baltimore’s harbor, the brewery was raised with a spirit for exploration. The beers of the Heavy Seas have been brewed independently since the year 1995. There is a drive at the brewery to create craft beers that capture consumers’ sense of adventure. The highest priority at Heavy Seas is quality in each and every endeavor. The brewery craft eighteen different styles of beers, distributing them to more than a dozen states, and has become an award-winning craft brewery.

4615 Hollins Ferry Rd, Halethorpe, MD 21227, Phone: 410-501-5188

Where can you get away, beaches near me, luxury tourism, resorts & family weekend hotels to visit around me with kids, outdoor activities, things to do near me, weekend getaways, dinner near me, entertainment, places to go, hiking trails near me: WI resorts, Hudson Valley, Beaches Near Milwaukee, VA Day Trips, Tuscaloosa, NY, Pawley's Island, MO, From Albuquerque, Waterfall Hikes, NJ, OR, Orchards, Southern USA, Wonders, For Couples

Looking for a gluten free shopping list?

We got you covered in this awesome complete guide!

Thanks for reading and don’t forget to check out our complete listing of gluten free alcohol as well as our vegan alcohol guide (just in case you want to help out one of your vegan friends, co-workers, or family members.)


About Adam Bryan

Founder of Urban Tastebud focused on sharing awesome products and resources from the web's best brands.


They use a enzyme that breaks the gluten down into smaller particles. The idea is that it makes the beer easier to digest. However there’s the same amount of gluten in the beer. With the particles being smaller it fakes out the test equipment. Some people (my son for example) can drink one gluten reduced beer, but he get’s sick if he drinks two.

There is no 100% gluten free beer. The Celiac Foundation states gluten free beer has to be under 20ppm of gluten. Evasion Brewing in Oregon is a dedicated gluten free brewery. And they use no sorghum in their beer. Check out their website, they ship customers in multiple states.

Alpine Beer Co. Makes all their beers GR, so does Mike Hess Brewing.

I eat Glutten Free oatmeal daily with no issues. Before i knew i had glutten issues i drank an oatmeal beer, even had a few floaters in the bottle. Fantastic dark German style beer. I don’t like IPAs or Pale Ales. Why is no one using oats to brew? Would love an amber bock glutten free beer. Just started visiting Total Wine going through their selection of beer i may appreciate. So far, their okay, not found one i loved.

Watch the video: Flying Dog The Fear Imperial Pumpkin Ale By Flying Dog Brewery. American Craft Beer Review (May 2022).